Pharmacogenetics of stavundine : role of genetic variation in mitochondrial DNA and polymerase gamma among adult Malawian HIV/AIDS patients

Doctoral Thesis


Permanent link to this Item
Journal Title
Link to Journal
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

University of Cape Town

Infectious diseases are endemic in Africa, especially tuberculosis (TB), malaria and human immunodefiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Genomics research has the potential to improve the health of Africans through identification of genetic markers associated with either disease susceptibility or therapeutic drug response. This project was set to investigate the genetic correlates for drugs associated with mitochondrial toxicity that are used as part of HIV therapy, especially nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Toxicity from NRTIs manifests through metabolic diseases such as peripheral neuropathy, lipodystrophy, lactic acidosis and hyperlactatemia but show interpatient variability. Studying African populations is likely to open the door for the population to benefit from novel diagnostic tools and drugs developed on the basis of pharmacogenomics knowledge. In an effort to contribute to this knowledge, the role of variation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and polymerase gamma (POL-γ) on how patients respond to stavudine-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) among adult Malawian HIV/AIDS patients was investigated.

Includes abstract.

Includes bibliographical references.