Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement

dc.contributor.advisorNtsebeza, Lungisile
dc.contributor.authorBaligira, John
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-09T16:03:13Z
dc.date.available2020-09-09T16:03:13Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.date.updated2020-09-09T16:01:19Z
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines why there has been persistent conflict over land in Africa, with reference to Kibaale district in western Uganda. The land conflicts, especially in post-colonial sub-Saharan Africa, are attributed to such factors as the colonial legacy which has contributed to unequal access and conflicting identities. By tracing the conflict from the British colonial period, the thesis contributes to an understanding of how it evolved and why it was not resolved by the end of colonial rule and in post-colonial Uganda. The thesis draws on Mamdani's theory of decentralized despotism to establish the extent to which the post-colonial central governments' maintenance of some rural despotic authorities has undermined the land conflict resolution efforts. I contend that, though the post- colonial governments' maintenance of landlordism has partly contributed to the land-related conflict in Uganda, it does not fully explain why the conflict has persisted in places such as Kibaale district. Based on data generated through in-depth interviews with purposively sampled participants, archives and from secondary sources, the thesis contributes to an improved understanding of why land-related conflicts in Africa have persisted. It particularly shows what has undermined the ability of post-colonial governments and other stakeholders to address the roots of these conflicts. The main findings of the thesis include: the bitter memories of the late 19th and early 20th century British colonial conquest and land dispossession of people in Kibaale are still reflected in the narratives of the early settlers; the government-sponsored and selfmotivated massive resettlement of people from mainly Western Uganda to Kibaale district has increased the complexity of land disputes; different peoples' identities have also contributed to the conflict in Kibaale; and the national as well as local political actors have often intensified the conflict for the sake of political power. The thesis concludes that the instrumentalization of citizenship and belonging by the autochthons as well as the specific historical and socioeconomic factors in Kibaale district have contributed to persistent conflict over access to and ownership of land.
dc.identifier.apacitationBaligira, J. (2020). <i>Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement</i>. (). ,Faculty of Humanities ,African Studies. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationBaligira, John. <i>"Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement."</i> ., ,Faculty of Humanities ,African Studies, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationBaligira, J. 2020. Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement. . ,Faculty of Humanities ,African Studies. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Doctoral Thesis AU - Baligira, John AB - This thesis examines why there has been persistent conflict over land in Africa, with reference to Kibaale district in western Uganda. The land conflicts, especially in post-colonial sub-Saharan Africa, are attributed to such factors as the colonial legacy which has contributed to unequal access and conflicting identities. By tracing the conflict from the British colonial period, the thesis contributes to an understanding of how it evolved and why it was not resolved by the end of colonial rule and in post-colonial Uganda. The thesis draws on Mamdani's theory of decentralized despotism to establish the extent to which the post-colonial central governments' maintenance of some rural despotic authorities has undermined the land conflict resolution efforts. I contend that, though the post- colonial governments' maintenance of landlordism has partly contributed to the land-related conflict in Uganda, it does not fully explain why the conflict has persisted in places such as Kibaale district. Based on data generated through in-depth interviews with purposively sampled participants, archives and from secondary sources, the thesis contributes to an improved understanding of why land-related conflicts in Africa have persisted. It particularly shows what has undermined the ability of post-colonial governments and other stakeholders to address the roots of these conflicts. The main findings of the thesis include: the bitter memories of the late 19th and early 20th century British colonial conquest and land dispossession of people in Kibaale are still reflected in the narratives of the early settlers; the government-sponsored and selfmotivated massive resettlement of people from mainly Western Uganda to Kibaale district has increased the complexity of land disputes; different peoples' identities have also contributed to the conflict in Kibaale; and the national as well as local political actors have often intensified the conflict for the sake of political power. The thesis concludes that the instrumentalization of citizenship and belonging by the autochthons as well as the specific historical and socioeconomic factors in Kibaale district have contributed to persistent conflict over access to and ownership of land. DA - 2020_ DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - African Studies LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2020 T1 - Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement TI - Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationBaligira J. Land rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement. []. ,Faculty of Humanities ,African Studies, 2020 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/32198en_ZA
dc.language.rfc3066eng
dc.publisher.departmentAfrican Studies
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Humanities
dc.subjectAfrican Studies
dc.titleLand rights and land conflicts in Kibaale since the colonial settlement
dc.typeDoctoral Thesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoral
dc.type.qualificationlevelPhD
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