Some aspects of 'Native Education' policy in South Africa from 1939 until 1948 : with special reference to financing, school feeding and technical and vocational training

Master Thesis


Permanent link to this Item
Journal Title
Link to Journal
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

University of Cape Town

This study focuses special attention on some crucial aspects of 'Native Education' policy during the period 1939-48. It is contended that 'Native Education' cannot be analysed outside its political and economic context. It was an essential aspect of the broader 'Native' policy followed by successive white governments (Provincial and Union) in S.A. before 1948. The study is divided into two parts. Part one provides the economic, political and educational (Native) background of the period 1939-48. Chapter one assesses the political and economic context of 'Native Education' prior to 1939. Chapter two provides an historical analysis of 'Native Education' prior to 1939 and highlights the following crucial issues: (i) the role of the missionary as educator; (ii) the State's interest in industrial education for Africans; (iii) the State's financial provision for 'Native Education'. Part two attempts to uncover aspects of the political orientation of the U.P. Government's 'Native Education' policy (1939-48) and investigates the following issues: (i) why the State provided insufficient financial backing for 'Native Education' when compared with that given to White Education (Chapter five); (ii) the reasons for the introduction of the 1943 School Feeding Scheme for African children; (Chapter six). (iii) the reasons for the State's provision of insufficient technical and vocational training for Africans when compared with that given to whites (Chapter seven). This section also analyses the political ideologies of the U.P. Government and the N.P. Opposition with regard to 'Native Education' (Chapters three and four) as well as the Smuts Government's 'Native' policy and the reaction to this policy (Chapter eight). The study also focuses attention on the House of Assembly Debates (1939-48) relating to the issues examined in Chapters five, six and seven. It is contended that these debates are of paramount importance for an understanding of subsequent policies as they touch on a particularly sensitive area in the field of race relations in South Africa in specific ways.

Bibliography: pages 203-211.