Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review

dc.contributor.authorBreuer, Erica
dc.contributor.authorLee, Lucy
dc.contributor.authorDe Silva, Mary
dc.contributor.authorLund, Crick
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-08T07:04:14Z
dc.date.available2021-10-08T07:04:14Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.description.abstractBackground Despite the increasing popularity of the theory of change (ToC) approach, little is known about the extent to which ToC has been used in the design and evaluation of public health interventions. This review aims to determine how ToCs have been developed and used in the development and evaluation of public health interventions globally. Method s We searched for papers reporting the use of “theory of change” in the development or evaluation of public health interventions in databases of peer-reviewed journal articles such as Scopus, Pubmed, PsychInfo, grey literature databases, Google and websites of development funders. We included papers of any date, language or study design. Both abstracts and full text papers were double screened. Data were extracted and narratively and quantitatively summarised. Results A total of 62 papers were included in the review. Forty-nine (79 %) described the development of ToC, 18 (29 %) described the use of ToC in the development of the intervention and 49 (79 %) described the use of ToC in the evaluation of the intervention. Although a large number of papers were included in the review, their descriptions of the ToC development and use in intervention design and evaluation lacked detail. Conclusions The use of the ToC approach is widespread in the public health literature. Clear reporting of the ToC process and outputs is important to strengthen the body of literature on practical application of ToC in order to develop our understanding of the benefits and advantages of using ToC. We also propose a checklist for reporting on the use of ToC to ensure transparent reporting and recommend that our checklist is used and refined by authors reporting the ToC approach.
dc.identifier.apacitationBreuer, E., Lee, L., De Silva, M., & Lund, C. (2015). Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review. <i>Implementation Science</i>, 11(1), 174 - 177. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationBreuer, Erica, Lucy Lee, Mary De Silva, and Crick Lund "Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review." <i>Implementation Science</i> 11, 1. (2015): 174 - 177. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationBreuer, E., Lee, L., De Silva, M. & Lund, C. 2015. Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review. <i>Implementation Science.</i> 11(1):174 - 177. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1748-5908
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Breuer, Erica AU - Lee, Lucy AU - De Silva, Mary AU - Lund, Crick AB - Background Despite the increasing popularity of the theory of change (ToC) approach, little is known about the extent to which ToC has been used in the design and evaluation of public health interventions. This review aims to determine how ToCs have been developed and used in the development and evaluation of public health interventions globally. Method s We searched for papers reporting the use of “theory of change” in the development or evaluation of public health interventions in databases of peer-reviewed journal articles such as Scopus, Pubmed, PsychInfo, grey literature databases, Google and websites of development funders. We included papers of any date, language or study design. Both abstracts and full text papers were double screened. Data were extracted and narratively and quantitatively summarised. Results A total of 62 papers were included in the review. Forty-nine (79 %) described the development of ToC, 18 (29 %) described the use of ToC in the development of the intervention and 49 (79 %) described the use of ToC in the evaluation of the intervention. Although a large number of papers were included in the review, their descriptions of the ToC development and use in intervention design and evaluation lacked detail. Conclusions The use of the ToC approach is widespread in the public health literature. Clear reporting of the ToC process and outputs is important to strengthen the body of literature on practical application of ToC in order to develop our understanding of the benefits and advantages of using ToC. We also propose a checklist for reporting on the use of ToC to ensure transparent reporting and recommend that our checklist is used and refined by authors reporting the ToC approach. DA - 2015 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town IS - 1 J1 - Implementation Science LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2015 SM - 1748-5908 T1 - Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review TI - Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationBreuer E, Lee L, De Silva M, Lund C. Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review. Implementation Science. 2015;11(1):174 - 177. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/34461.en_ZA
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry and Mental Health
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Health Sciences
dc.sourceImplementation Science
dc.source.journalissue1
dc.source.journalvolume11
dc.source.pagination174 - 177
dc.source.urihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-016-0422-6
dc.subject.otherEvaluation
dc.subject.otherIntervention development
dc.subject.otherProgramme theory
dc.subject.otherPublic health
dc.subject.otherSystematic review
dc.subject.otherTheory of change
dc.subject.otherHealth Plan Implementation
dc.subject.otherHumans
dc.subject.otherPublic Health
dc.subject.otherResearch Design
dc.titleUsing theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review
dc.typeJournal Article
uct.type.publicationResearch
uct.type.resourceJournal Article
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