Under what conditions is the management of migratory wildlife resources successful?

Master Thesis


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University of Cape Town

The management of fugitive resources across national boundaries possess significant challenges to organizations and policy makers. This paper investigates three key aspects areas that affect the management of migratory wildlife. The first issue is whether it is better to have a single Transfrontier park or to have several disjoint ones. We find that economically, it makes no difference, as long as the same institutional framework applies to all the disjoint areas. We however reason that from a conservation perspective, it is better to have a single transfrontier park due to economies of scale attainable from a larger reserve. We also investigate the conditions under which the local communities will cooperate with the conservation effort and the paper concludes that as long as the flow of benefits from the park authorities to the community is greater than the marginal benefit from the community's alternative source of income, cooperation will exist. Institutional setups invariably affect the success of Transfrontier park management and we discuss some of the responsibilities government and organizations have to ensure that the parks are successful. To this effect, organisations should be involved only in as much as setting up an institutional framework that allows for equalization of benefits and costs where concerned.

Includes bibliographical references (leaves 32-34).