Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study

dc.contributor.authorLouwagie, Goedeleen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBachmann, Maxen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Kobusen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBooysen, Frikkieen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorFairall, Laraen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHeunis, Christoen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-12T10:53:33Z
dc.date.available2015-10-12T10:53:33Z
dc.date.issued2007en_ZA
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND:Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in times of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). We compared the HRQoL of HIV positive patients receiving HAART with those awaiting treatment in public sector facilities in the Free State province in South Africa. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 371 patients receiving or awaiting HAART were interviewed and the EuroQol-profile, EuroQol-index and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were compared. Independent associations between these outcomes and HAART, socio-demographic, clinical and health service variables were estimated using linear and ordinal logistic regression, adjusted for intra-clinic clustering of outcomes. RESULTS: Patients receiving HAART reported better HRQoL for 3 of the 5 EuroQol-dimensions, for the VAS score and for the EuroQol index in bivariable analysis. They had a higher mean EuroQol index (0.11 difference, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04; 0.23), and were more likely to have a higher index (odds ratio 1.9, 95% CI 1.1; 1.3), compared to those awaiting HAART, in multivariate analysis. Higher mean VAS scores were reported for patients who were receiving HAART (6.5 difference, 95% CI 1.3; 11.7), were employed (9.1, 95% CI 4.3; 13.7) or were female (4.7, 95% CI 0.79; 8.5). CONCLUSION: HAART was associated with improved HRQoL in patients enrolled in a public sector treatment program in South Africa. Our finding that the EuroQol instrument was sensitive to HAART supports its use in future evaluation of HIV/AIDS care in South Africa. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate changes in individuals' HRQoL.en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationLouwagie, G., Bachmann, M., Meyer, K., Booysen, F., Fairall, L., & Heunis, C. (2007). Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study. <i>BMC Public Health</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14172en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationLouwagie, Goedele, Max Bachmann, Kobus Meyer, Frikkie Booysen, Lara Fairall, and Christo Heunis "Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study." <i>BMC Public Health</i> (2007) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14172en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationLouwagie, G. M., Bachmann, M. O., Meyer, K., Booysen, F. R., Fairall, L. R., & Heunis, C. (2007). Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study. BMC Public Health, 7(1), 244.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Louwagie, Goedele AU - Bachmann, Max AU - Meyer, Kobus AU - Booysen, Frikkie AU - Fairall, Lara AU - Heunis, Christo AB - BACKGROUND:Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in times of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). We compared the HRQoL of HIV positive patients receiving HAART with those awaiting treatment in public sector facilities in the Free State province in South Africa. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 371 patients receiving or awaiting HAART were interviewed and the EuroQol-profile, EuroQol-index and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were compared. Independent associations between these outcomes and HAART, socio-demographic, clinical and health service variables were estimated using linear and ordinal logistic regression, adjusted for intra-clinic clustering of outcomes. RESULTS: Patients receiving HAART reported better HRQoL for 3 of the 5 EuroQol-dimensions, for the VAS score and for the EuroQol index in bivariable analysis. They had a higher mean EuroQol index (0.11 difference, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04; 0.23), and were more likely to have a higher index (odds ratio 1.9, 95% CI 1.1; 1.3), compared to those awaiting HAART, in multivariate analysis. Higher mean VAS scores were reported for patients who were receiving HAART (6.5 difference, 95% CI 1.3; 11.7), were employed (9.1, 95% CI 4.3; 13.7) or were female (4.7, 95% CI 0.79; 8.5). CONCLUSION: HAART was associated with improved HRQoL in patients enrolled in a public sector treatment program in South Africa. Our finding that the EuroQol instrument was sensitive to HAART supports its use in future evaluation of HIV/AIDS care in South Africa. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate changes in individuals' HRQoL. DA - 2007 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - BMC Public Health LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2007 T1 - Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study TI - Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14172 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri10.1186/1471-2458-7-244en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/14172
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationLouwagie G, Bachmann M, Meyer K, Booysen F, Fairall L, Heunis C. Highly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical study. BMC Public Health. 2007; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14172.en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltden_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentDivision of Pulmonologyen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Health Sciencesen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licenseen_ZA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0en_ZA
dc.sourceBMC Public Healthen_ZA
dc.source.urihttp://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/en_ZA
dc.subject.otherVaccination strategiesen_ZA
dc.subject.otherHIVen_ZA
dc.titleHighly active antiretroviral treatment and health related quality of life in South African adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection: A cross-sectional analytical studyen_ZA
dc.typeJournal Articleen_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceArticleen_ZA
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Louwagie_antiretroviral_treatment_and_health_related_QOL_2007.pdf
Size:
298 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Collections