Measuring multidimensional poverty among youth in South Africa at the sub-national level

dc.creatorFrame, Emily
dc.creatorDe Lannoy, Ariane
dc.creatorLeibbrandt, Murray
dc.date2016-07-07T13:32:48Z
dc.date2016-07-07T13:32:48Z
dc.date2016-07
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-06T10:56:22Z
dc.date.available2017-06-06T10:56:22Z
dc.date.issued2017-06-06
dc.descriptionResearch evidence points to the multiple forms of deprivation faced by the current generation of young people in South Africa. Little is known about the way in which these various deprivations interrelate - and the extent to which they vary from one local area to another. This paper suggests the adoption of a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Youth as a useful way to integrate a number of dimensions of deprivation into an aggregate measure that can then be used to flag variations in aggregate deprivation across local areas of South Africa. The measure presented draws on the internationally recognized Alkire Foster methodology. However, it is adapted to include dimensions, indicators and deprivation cut-offs selected specifically to reflect the unique experiences of this youth cohort in the context of post-apartheid South Africa. Using National Census 2011 data, the Youth Multidimensional Poverty Index (Youth MPI) quantifies the nature and extent of multidimensional poverty among youth aged 15-24 and allows for a comparison of its spatial distribution across relatively small geographical regions. The results indicate a highly unequal spatial distribution of youth multidimensional poverty between local municipalities, with the highest levels of youth poverty concentrated in the former homeland areas. Analysis of the separate indicators that make up the Youth MPI indicate that 72% of multidimensionally poor youth are deprived in educational attainment. Further investigation suggests that deprivation in education and economic opportunities contribute the highest shares to the overall Youth MPI score. The results illustrate the potential usefulness of the Youth MPI as a tool for informing and targeting policies and interventions directed at youth.
dc.identifier978-1-928281-30-6
dc.identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/11090/818
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper DA - 2017-06-06 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - Youth KW - South Africa KW - Multidimensional poverty index LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2017 T1 - Measuring multidimensional poverty among youth in South Africa at the sub-national level TI - Measuring multidimensional poverty among youth in South Africa at the sub-national level UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11090/818 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11090/818
dc.languageen
dc.publisher.departmentSALDRUen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Commerceen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.relationSaldru Working Paper;169
dc.subjectYouth
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.subjectMultidimensional poverty index
dc.titleMeasuring multidimensional poverty among youth in South Africa at the sub-national level
dc.typeWorking Paper
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceWorking Paperen_ZA
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