Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial

dc.contributor.authorBunyasi, Erick Wekesaen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorTameris, Micheleen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGeldenhuys, Hennieen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Bey-Marrieen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLuabeya, Angelique Kany Kanyen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMulenga, Humphreyen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorScriba, Thomas Jen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHanekom, Willem Aen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMahomed, Hassanen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMcShane, Helenen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-02T05:05:09Z
dc.date.available2016-01-02T05:05:09Z
dc.date.issued2015en_ZA
dc.description.abstractObjective Diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis is limited by the paucibacillary respiratory samples obtained from young children with pulmonary disease. We aimed to compare accuracy of the Xpert ® MTB/RIF assay, an automated nucleic acid amplification test, between induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children in a tuberculosis endemic setting. METHODS: We analyzed standardized diagnostic data from HIV negative children younger than four years of age who were investigated for tuberculosis disease near Cape Town, South Africa [2009-2012]. Two paired, consecutive induced sputa and early morning gastric lavage samples were obtained from children with suspected tuberculosis. Samples underwent Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube [MGIT] culture and Xpert MTB/RIF assay. We compared diagnostic yield across samples using the two-sample test of proportions and McNemar's χ 2 test; and Wilson's score method to calculate sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: 1,020 children were evaluated for tuberculosis during 1,214 admission episodes. Not all children had 4 samples collected. 57 of 4,463[1.3%] and 26 of 4,606[0.6%] samples tested positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis on MGIT culture and Xpert MTB/RIF assay respectively. 27 of 2,198[1.2%] and 40 of 2,183[1.8%] samples tested positive [on either Xpert MTB/RIF assay or MGIT culture] on induced sputum and gastric lavage samples, respectively. 19/1,028[1.8%] and 33/1,017[3.2%] admission episodes yielded a positive MGIT culture or Xpert MTB/RIF assay from induced sputum and gastric lavage, respectively. Sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was 8/30[26.7%; 95% CI: 14.2-44.4] for two induced sputum samples and 7/31[22.6%; 11.4-39.8] [p = 0.711] for two gastric lavage samples. Corresponding specificity was 893/893[100%;99.6-100] and 885/890[99.4%;98.7-99.8] respectively [p = 0.025]. CONCLUSION: Sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was low, compared to MGIT culture, but diagnostic performance of Xpert MTB/RIF did not differ sufficiently between induced sputum and gastric lavage to justify selection of one sampling method over the other, in young children with suspected pulmonary TB. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00953927en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationBunyasi, E. W., Tameris, M., Geldenhuys, H., Schmidt, B., Luabeya, A. K. K., Mulenga, H., ... McShane, H. (2015). Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial. <i>PLoS One</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16147en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationBunyasi, Erick Wekesa, Michele Tameris, Hennie Geldenhuys, Bey-Marrie Schmidt, Angelique Kany Kany Luabeya, Humphrey Mulenga, Thomas J Scriba, Willem A Hanekom, Hassan Mahomed, and Helen McShane "Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial." <i>PLoS One</i> (2015) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16147en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationBunyasi, E. W., Tameris, M., Geldenhuys, H., Schmidt, B. M., Luabeya, A. K. K., Mulenga, H., ... & Hatherill, M. (2015). Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial. PloS one, 10(11), e0141623. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141623en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Bunyasi, Erick Wekesa AU - Tameris, Michele AU - Geldenhuys, Hennie AU - Schmidt, Bey-Marrie AU - Luabeya, Angelique Kany Kany AU - Mulenga, Humphrey AU - Scriba, Thomas J AU - Hanekom, Willem A AU - Mahomed, Hassan AU - McShane, Helen AB - Objective Diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis is limited by the paucibacillary respiratory samples obtained from young children with pulmonary disease. We aimed to compare accuracy of the Xpert ® MTB/RIF assay, an automated nucleic acid amplification test, between induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children in a tuberculosis endemic setting. METHODS: We analyzed standardized diagnostic data from HIV negative children younger than four years of age who were investigated for tuberculosis disease near Cape Town, South Africa [2009-2012]. Two paired, consecutive induced sputa and early morning gastric lavage samples were obtained from children with suspected tuberculosis. Samples underwent Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube [MGIT] culture and Xpert MTB/RIF assay. We compared diagnostic yield across samples using the two-sample test of proportions and McNemar's χ 2 test; and Wilson's score method to calculate sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: 1,020 children were evaluated for tuberculosis during 1,214 admission episodes. Not all children had 4 samples collected. 57 of 4,463[1.3%] and 26 of 4,606[0.6%] samples tested positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis on MGIT culture and Xpert MTB/RIF assay respectively. 27 of 2,198[1.2%] and 40 of 2,183[1.8%] samples tested positive [on either Xpert MTB/RIF assay or MGIT culture] on induced sputum and gastric lavage samples, respectively. 19/1,028[1.8%] and 33/1,017[3.2%] admission episodes yielded a positive MGIT culture or Xpert MTB/RIF assay from induced sputum and gastric lavage, respectively. Sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was 8/30[26.7%; 95% CI: 14.2-44.4] for two induced sputum samples and 7/31[22.6%; 11.4-39.8] [p = 0.711] for two gastric lavage samples. Corresponding specificity was 893/893[100%;99.6-100] and 885/890[99.4%;98.7-99.8] respectively [p = 0.025]. CONCLUSION: Sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was low, compared to MGIT culture, but diagnostic performance of Xpert MTB/RIF did not differ sufficiently between induced sputum and gastric lavage to justify selection of one sampling method over the other, in young children with suspected pulmonary TB. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00953927 DA - 2015 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0141623 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - PLoS One LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial TI - Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16147 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/16147
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141623
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationBunyasi EW, Tameris M, Geldenhuys H, Schmidt B, Luabeya AKK, Mulenga H, et al. Evaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trial. PLoS One. 2015; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16147.en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentSouth African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative (SATVI)en_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Health Sciencesen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_ZA
dc.rights.holder© 2015 Bunyasi et alen_ZA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0en_ZA
dc.sourcePLoS Oneen_ZA
dc.source.urihttp://journals.plos.org/plosoneen_ZA
dc.subject.otherMycobacterium tuberculosisen_ZA
dc.subject.otherSputumen_ZA
dc.subject.otherTuberculosisen_ZA
dc.subject.otherChildrenen_ZA
dc.subject.otherTuberculosis diagnosis and managementen_ZA
dc.subject.otherDiagnostic medicineen_ZA
dc.subject.otherHIVen_ZA
dc.subject.otherHIV diagnosis and managementen_ZA
dc.titleEvaluation of Xpert® MTB/RIF assay in induced sputum and gastric lavage samples from young children with suspected tuberculosis from the MVA85A TB vaccine trialen_ZA
dc.typeJournal Articleen_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceArticleen_ZA
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