Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool

dc.contributor.authorSuliman, Sen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKaminer, Den_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSeedat, Sorayaen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorStein, Dan Jen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-12T11:02:23Z
dc.date.available2015-10-12T11:02:23Z
dc.date.issued2005en_ZA
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND:Several studies have demonstrated that South African children and adolescents are exposed to high levels of violent trauma with a significant proportion developing PTSD, however, limited resources make it difficult to accurately identify traumatized children. METHODS: A clinical interview (K-SADS-PL, selected modules) and self-report scale (CATS) were compared to determine if these different methods of assessment elicit similar information with regards to trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents. Youth (n = 58) from 2 schools in Cape Town, South Africa participated. RESULTS: 91% of youth reported having been exposed to a traumatic event on self-report (CATS) and 38% reported symptoms severe enough to be classified as PTSD. On interview (K-SADS-PL), 86% reported exposure to a traumatic event and 19% were found to have PTSD. While there were significant differences in the rates of trauma exposure and PTSD on the K-SADS and CATS, a cut-off value of 15 on the CATS maximized both the number of true positives and true negatives with PTSD. The CATS also differentiated well between adolescents meeting DSM-IV PTSD symptom criteria from adolescents not meeting criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that trauma exposure and PTSD are prevalent in South African youth and if appropriate cut-offs are used, self-report scales may be useful screening tools for PTSD.en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationSuliman, S., Kaminer, D., Seedat, S., & Stein, D. J. (2005). Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool. <i>Annals of General Psychiatry</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14220en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationSuliman, S, D Kaminer, Soraya Seedat, and Dan J Stein "Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool." <i>Annals of General Psychiatry</i> (2005) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14220en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationSuliman, S., Kaminer, D., Seedat, S., & Stein, D. J. (2005). Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool. Annals of general psychiatry, 4(1), 2.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Suliman, S AU - Kaminer, D AU - Seedat, Soraya AU - Stein, Dan J AB - BACKGROUND:Several studies have demonstrated that South African children and adolescents are exposed to high levels of violent trauma with a significant proportion developing PTSD, however, limited resources make it difficult to accurately identify traumatized children. METHODS: A clinical interview (K-SADS-PL, selected modules) and self-report scale (CATS) were compared to determine if these different methods of assessment elicit similar information with regards to trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents. Youth (n = 58) from 2 schools in Cape Town, South Africa participated. RESULTS: 91% of youth reported having been exposed to a traumatic event on self-report (CATS) and 38% reported symptoms severe enough to be classified as PTSD. On interview (K-SADS-PL), 86% reported exposure to a traumatic event and 19% were found to have PTSD. While there were significant differences in the rates of trauma exposure and PTSD on the K-SADS and CATS, a cut-off value of 15 on the CATS maximized both the number of true positives and true negatives with PTSD. The CATS also differentiated well between adolescents meeting DSM-IV PTSD symptom criteria from adolescents not meeting criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that trauma exposure and PTSD are prevalent in South African youth and if appropriate cut-offs are used, self-report scales may be useful screening tools for PTSD. DA - 2005 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1186/1744-859X-4-2 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - Annals of General Psychiatry LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2005 T1 - Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool TI - Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14220 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/14220
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-4-2
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationSuliman S, Kaminer D, Seedat S, Stein DJ. Assessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening tool. Annals of General Psychiatry. 2005; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14220.en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltden_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Humanitiesen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licenseen_ZA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0en_ZA
dc.sourceAnnals of General Psychiatryen_ZA
dc.source.urihttp://www.annals-general-psychiatry.comen_ZA
dc.subject.othertraumaen_ZA
dc.subject.otherpost-traumaticen_ZA
dc.subject.otherstressen_ZA
dc.subject.otherassessmenten_ZA
dc.subject.otherinstrumentsen_ZA
dc.titleAssessing post-traumatic stress disorder in South African adolescents: using the child and adolescent trauma survey (CATS) as a screening toolen_ZA
dc.typeJournal Articleen_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceArticleen_ZA
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