Intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with change in range of motion (ROM) after a single stretch session and repeated loading following an endurance run

Master Thesis


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University of Cape Town

Static stretching is commonly performed by athletes and clinicians on the assumption that it increases joint range of motion (ROM). However, observations from our laboratory indicate that there is an apparent inter-individual variance in the change in ROM in response to static stretching. Furthermore, prolonged repetitive loading has also been shown to affect ROM of a joint or series of joints. In particular, runners have a significantly decreased hamstring ROM. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors which are associated with a change in ROM in response to 1) a static stretch session and 2) prolonged repetitive loading. The findings showed that there is a variable response in the change in ROM following both a SSS intervention and in response to participation in a 42.2 or 56 km road race. More specifically, about 10% of the participants had a reduction in ROM after the SSS while the majority of participants had a reduced ROM after completing the marathon or ultra marathon.