Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents

dc.contributor.authorWayas, Feyisayo A.
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Joanne A.
dc.contributor.authorLambert, Estelle V.
dc.contributor.authorGuthrie-Dixon, Natalie
dc.contributor.authorWasnyo, Yves
dc.contributor.authorWest, Sacha
dc.contributor.authorOni, Tolu
dc.contributor.authorFoley, Louise
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-20T09:22:39Z
dc.date.available2024-02-20T09:22:39Z
dc.date.issued2023-01-30
dc.date.updated2023-02-10T14:28:46Z
dc.description.abstractAdolescence is a life stage critical to the establishment of healthy behaviours, including physical activity (PA). Factors associated with the built environment have been shown to impact PA across the life course. We examined the sociodemographic differences in, and associations between, perceived neighbourhood walkability, PA, and body mass index (BMI) in South African adolescents. We recruited a convenience sample (n = 143; 13–18 years; 65% female) of students from three high schools (middle/high and low-income areas). Participants completed a PA questionnaire and the Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS)-Africa and anthropometry measurements. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine various relationships. We found that, compared with adolescents living in middle/high income neighbourhoods, those living in low-income neighbourhoods had lower perceived walkability and PA with higher BMI percentiles. The associations between neighbourhood walkability and PA were inconsistent. In the adjusted models, land use diversity and personal safety were associated with club sports participation, street connectivity was positively associated with school sports PA, and more favourable perceived walkability was negatively associated with active transport. Overall, our findings suggest that the perceived walkability of lower income neighbourhoods is worse in comparison with higher income neighbourhoods, though the association with PA and BMI is unclear.
dc.identifierdoi: 10.3390/ijerph20032449
dc.identifier.apacitationWayas, Feyisayo A., Smith, Joanne A., Lambert, Estelle V., Guthrie-Dixon, N., Wasnyo, Y., West, S., ... Foley, L. (2023). Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents. <i>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</i>,(3), http://hdl.handle.net/11427/39145en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationWayas, Feyisayo A., Joanne A. Smith, Estelle V. Lambert, Natalie Guthrie-Dixon, Yves Wasnyo, Sacha West, Tolu Oni, and Louise Foley "Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents." <i>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</i> 3. (2023) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/39145en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20 (3): 2449 (2023)
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Wayas, Feyisayo A. AU - Smith, Joanne A. AU - Lambert, Estelle V. AU - Guthrie-Dixon, Natalie AU - Wasnyo, Yves AU - West, Sacha AU - Oni, Tolu AU - Foley, Louise AB - Adolescence is a life stage critical to the establishment of healthy behaviours, including physical activity (PA). Factors associated with the built environment have been shown to impact PA across the life course. We examined the sociodemographic differences in, and associations between, perceived neighbourhood walkability, PA, and body mass index (BMI) in South African adolescents. We recruited a convenience sample (n = 143; 13&ndash;18 years; 65% female) of students from three high schools (middle/high and low-income areas). Participants completed a PA questionnaire and the Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS)-Africa and anthropometry measurements. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine various relationships. We found that, compared with adolescents living in middle/high income neighbourhoods, those living in low-income neighbourhoods had lower perceived walkability and PA with higher BMI percentiles. The associations between neighbourhood walkability and PA were inconsistent. In the adjusted models, land use diversity and personal safety were associated with club sports participation, street connectivity was positively associated with school sports PA, and more favourable perceived walkability was negatively associated with active transport. Overall, our findings suggest that the perceived walkability of lower income neighbourhoods is worse in comparison with higher income neighbourhoods, though the association with PA and BMI is unclear. DA - 2023-01-30 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town IS - 3 J1 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2023 T1 - Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents TI - Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/39145 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/39145
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032449
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationWayas Feyisayo A, Smith Joanne A, Lambert Estelle V, Guthrie-Dixon N, Wasnyo Y, West S, et al. Association of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023;(3) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/39145.en_ZA
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
dc.publisher.departmentSchool of Public Health and Family Medicine
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Health Sciences
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.source.journalissue3
dc.source.journalvolume20
dc.source.pagination16
dc.source.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph
dc.titleAssociation of Perceived Neighbourhood Walkability with Self-Reported Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in South African Adolescents
dc.typeJournal Article
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