Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province

dc.contributor.advisorFarrant, Jill Men_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCaplan, Marcen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-24T07:08:59Z
dc.date.available2017-05-24T07:08:59Z
dc.date.issued1993en_ZA
dc.description.abstractThis paper reports results on the first detailed physiological study undertaken on potentially recalcitrant seeds from the western Cape. Germination and dehydration behaviour of two related monocots Boophane flava Barker ex Snijman and Amaryllis belladonna L. (Amaryllidaceae) were studied to determine whether these seeds are indeed recalcitrant, and if so their degree of tolerance, and to gain an understanding of the reproductive strategies of these species through their seeds behaviour. Seeds were stored under mildly desiccating conditions, moisture content was determined at regular intervals and the ultrastructure of the hypocotyl apex tissue was examined. Both species are shed at high moisture content in a metabolically active state, and are able to tolerate considerable loss of this water (420-120% for B.flava) before water contents became lethal. Nevertheless, seeds were killed at high water contents a characteristic typical of recalcitrant seeds. A.belladonna seeds showed increased levels of subcellular organization during storage despite low viability scores. B.flava seeds showed hypocotyl extension and in a few instances roots and shoots were produced in storage, they began to lose viability after 8 weeks in storage at a moisture content below 120%. B.flava is a moderately recalcitrant seed species, with a slow germination rate. Although hypocotyl extension occurs in store, the onset of cell division and axis differentiation is delayed and occurred only . occasionally in store. This is interpreted as being ·a strategy to halt subcellular events which increase susceptibility to water loss. Seed maturity of B.flava is suggested to be polymorphic in response to an unreliable seasonal rainfall pattern.en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationCaplan, M. (1993). <i>Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24403en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationCaplan, Marc. <i>"Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1993. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24403en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationCaplan, M. 1993. Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province. University of Cape Town.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Caplan, Marc AB - This paper reports results on the first detailed physiological study undertaken on potentially recalcitrant seeds from the western Cape. Germination and dehydration behaviour of two related monocots Boophane flava Barker ex Snijman and Amaryllis belladonna L. (Amaryllidaceae) were studied to determine whether these seeds are indeed recalcitrant, and if so their degree of tolerance, and to gain an understanding of the reproductive strategies of these species through their seeds behaviour. Seeds were stored under mildly desiccating conditions, moisture content was determined at regular intervals and the ultrastructure of the hypocotyl apex tissue was examined. Both species are shed at high moisture content in a metabolically active state, and are able to tolerate considerable loss of this water (420-120% for B.flava) before water contents became lethal. Nevertheless, seeds were killed at high water contents a characteristic typical of recalcitrant seeds. A.belladonna seeds showed increased levels of subcellular organization during storage despite low viability scores. B.flava seeds showed hypocotyl extension and in a few instances roots and shoots were produced in storage, they began to lose viability after 8 weeks in storage at a moisture content below 120%. B.flava is a moderately recalcitrant seed species, with a slow germination rate. Although hypocotyl extension occurs in store, the onset of cell division and axis differentiation is delayed and occurred only . occasionally in store. This is interpreted as being ·a strategy to halt subcellular events which increase susceptibility to water loss. Seed maturity of B.flava is suggested to be polymorphic in response to an unreliable seasonal rainfall pattern. DA - 1993 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1993 T1 - Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province TI - Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24403 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/24403
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationCaplan M. Effect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Province. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1993 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24403en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Biological Sciencesen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Scienceen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.subject.otherBotanyen_ZA
dc.titleEffect of desiccation and storage on the seeds of two related species in the Amaryllidaceae from the western Cape Provinceen_ZA
dc.typeBachelor Thesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelHonours
dc.type.qualificationnameBSc (Hons.)en_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceThesisen_ZA
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