A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape

dc.contributor.advisorParkington, Johnen_ZA
dc.contributor.advisorBraun, David Ren_ZA
dc.contributor.authorShaw, Matthewen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-09T10:54:32Z
dc.date.available2018-02-09T10:54:32Z
dc.date.issued2017en_ZA
dc.description.abstractMuch of our current understanding of prehistoric human behavioural patterns during the Stone Age, is derived particularly from a robust set of chronological and technological sequences from caves and rock shelters, with some focus on open-air sites. The information gained from shelters cannot be ignored or downplayed, however, they offer a spatially and temporally limited view of prehistoric lifeways. The aim of this thesis is to provide an understanding of landscape use during the Stone Ages along the Bos River in the Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape. Surveys were carried out around the Bos River, with the intention of mapping out and analysing all the surface stone artefacts. Analysing at the scale of the individual artefact, particularly temporally iconic artefacts, permits the landscape, although geologically and ecologically variable, to be viewed as a continuous space. The benefit of this approach allows for all artefacts across all types of settings to be analysed, providing a spatially subjective distribution of artefacts across the landscape. The evidence described in this thesis demonstrates an episodic occupation of the Tankwa Karoo during periods of increased resources, particularly the availability of food. The Bos River is a low-energy river that receives little rain and does not facilitate the formation of large rounded cobbles and boulders, explaining the lack of an occupation during the Earlier Stone Age (ESA), whereas an expedient organisation of locally sourced raw materials for stone tools characterise the Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) periods in the Tankwa Karoo.en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationShaw, M. (2017). <i>A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27446en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationShaw, Matthew. <i>"A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27446en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationShaw, M. 2017. A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape. University of Cape Town.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Shaw, Matthew AB - Much of our current understanding of prehistoric human behavioural patterns during the Stone Age, is derived particularly from a robust set of chronological and technological sequences from caves and rock shelters, with some focus on open-air sites. The information gained from shelters cannot be ignored or downplayed, however, they offer a spatially and temporally limited view of prehistoric lifeways. The aim of this thesis is to provide an understanding of landscape use during the Stone Ages along the Bos River in the Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape. Surveys were carried out around the Bos River, with the intention of mapping out and analysing all the surface stone artefacts. Analysing at the scale of the individual artefact, particularly temporally iconic artefacts, permits the landscape, although geologically and ecologically variable, to be viewed as a continuous space. The benefit of this approach allows for all artefacts across all types of settings to be analysed, providing a spatially subjective distribution of artefacts across the landscape. The evidence described in this thesis demonstrates an episodic occupation of the Tankwa Karoo during periods of increased resources, particularly the availability of food. The Bos River is a low-energy river that receives little rain and does not facilitate the formation of large rounded cobbles and boulders, explaining the lack of an occupation during the Earlier Stone Age (ESA), whereas an expedient organisation of locally sourced raw materials for stone tools characterise the Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) periods in the Tankwa Karoo. DA - 2017 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2017 T1 - A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape TI - A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27446 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/27446
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationShaw M. A landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Cape. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology, 2017 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27446en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Archaeologyen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Scienceen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.subject.otherArchaeologyen_ZA
dc.titleA landscape approach to the surface archaeology of the Bos River, Tankwa Karoo, Northern Capeen_ZA
dc.typeMaster Thesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelMasters
dc.type.qualificationnameMPhilen_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceThesisen_ZA
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