Rural Livelihoods in South Africa

dc.creatorDaniels, Reza Che
dc.creatorPartridge, Andrew
dc.creatorKekana, Dineo
dc.creatorMusundwa, Sibongile
dc.descriptionThis paper discusses the changing profile of rural livelihoods in South Africa using the National Income Dynamics Study Waves 1 – 3 data (Southern Africa Labour & Development Research Unit (SALDRU), 2013a, 2013b, 2013c). The rural sector is undergoing a form of compositional change, with the literature suggesting that a phenomenon of de-agrarianisation is taking place as households become more dependent on government grants while moving away from agricultural-based activities. Furthermore, Tribal Authority Areas (TAAs) retain a communal form of land tenure that implies very different social and behavioural norms in these areas compared to formal rural areas. We find that there are indeed very different labour market, migration and subsistence agricultural trends between TAAs and formal rural areas. For the rural sector in general, selected findings include that rural migrants who have moved to urban areas between 2008-2012 have a higher probability of being employed than rural stayers; that among the employed population, the major transition out of agriculture was to the transport, storage and communication sector while the major transition into agricultural employment was from the wholesale & retail sector; and finally that there is indeed evidence that de-agrarianisation is taking place in the NIDS rural sample, with individuals much more likely to transition out of either commercial or subsistence agricultural activities than to start doing these activities.
dc.descriptionReza C. Daniels - Corresponding author. School of Economics and SALDRU, UCT. Andrew Partidge - Western Cape Department of Agriculture Dineo Kekana and Sibongile Musundwa - SALDRU, UCT
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - National Income Dynamics Study KW - NIDS KW - Rural livelihoods LK - PB - University of Cape Town PY - T1 - Rural Livelihoods in South Africa TI - Rural Livelihoods in South Africa UR - ER - en_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Commerceen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.relationSALDRU Working Papers;122
dc.subjectNational Income Dynamics Study
dc.subjectRural livelihoods
dc.titleRural Livelihoods in South Africa
dc.typeWorking Paperen_ZA
uct.type.resourceWorking Paperen_ZA