“With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon

dc.contributor.authorSyam, Hanadi
dc.contributor.authorVenables, Emilie
dc.contributor.authorSousse, Bernard
dc.contributor.authorSevery, Nathalie
dc.contributor.authorSaavedra, Luz
dc.contributor.authorKazour, Francois
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-10T09:25:10Z
dc.date.available2019-12-10T09:25:10Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-10
dc.date.updated2019-10-13T10:18:04Z
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Long term displacement and exposure to challenging living conditions can influence family dynamics; gender roles; violence at home and in the community and mental well-being. This qualitative study explores these issues as perceived by Syrian refugees who have been living in Shatila, a Palestinian camp in South Beirut, Lebanon, for at least 2 years. Methods Twenty eight in-depth interviews with men and women were conducted between February and June 2018. Women were recipients of mental health services, and men were recruited from the local community. Interviews were conducted in Arabic, translated, transcribed, coded and analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Our results show patterns of harsh living conditions similar to those described earlier in the course of the Syrian refugee crisis. Lack of infrastructure, overcrowding, cramped rooms and violence were all reported. Participants also described a lack of social support, discrimination and harassment within the host community, as well as limited social support networks within their own Syrian refugee community. Family dynamics were affected by the increased responsibilities on men, women and children; with additional economic and employment demands on men, women assuming the roles of ‘mother and father’ and children having to work and contribute to the household. Participants discussed several types of violence, including parental violence against children and violence in the community. Violence against women was also reported. Reported mental health issues included depression, anxiety, sadness, frustration, hopelessness, self-neglect and a loss of sense of self and self-worth. Some participants expressed a wish to die. Conclusions This study describes experiences of changing gender roles, family dynamics, violence and mental health after long-term displacement in in Shatila camp, South Beirut as perceived by Syrian refugees. A lack of safety and security coupled with economic hardship rendered refugees even more susceptible to exploitation and harassment. Parental violence was the most commonly reported type of domestic violence.
dc.identifier.apacitationSyam, H., Venables, E., Sousse, B., Severy, N., Saavedra, L., & Kazour, F. (2019). “With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30704en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationSyam, Hanadi, Emilie Venables, Bernard Sousse, Nathalie Severy, Luz Saavedra, and Francois Kazour "“With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon." (2019) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30704en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationConflict and Health. 2019 Oct 10;13(1):45
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Syam, Hanadi AU - Venables, Emilie AU - Sousse, Bernard AU - Severy, Nathalie AU - Saavedra, Luz AU - Kazour, Francois AB - Abstract Background Long term displacement and exposure to challenging living conditions can influence family dynamics; gender roles; violence at home and in the community and mental well-being. This qualitative study explores these issues as perceived by Syrian refugees who have been living in Shatila, a Palestinian camp in South Beirut, Lebanon, for at least 2 years. Methods Twenty eight in-depth interviews with men and women were conducted between February and June 2018. Women were recipients of mental health services, and men were recruited from the local community. Interviews were conducted in Arabic, translated, transcribed, coded and analysed using thematic content analysis. Results Our results show patterns of harsh living conditions similar to those described earlier in the course of the Syrian refugee crisis. Lack of infrastructure, overcrowding, cramped rooms and violence were all reported. Participants also described a lack of social support, discrimination and harassment within the host community, as well as limited social support networks within their own Syrian refugee community. Family dynamics were affected by the increased responsibilities on men, women and children; with additional economic and employment demands on men, women assuming the roles of ‘mother and father’ and children having to work and contribute to the household. Participants discussed several types of violence, including parental violence against children and violence in the community. Violence against women was also reported. Reported mental health issues included depression, anxiety, sadness, frustration, hopelessness, self-neglect and a loss of sense of self and self-worth. Some participants expressed a wish to die. Conclusions This study describes experiences of changing gender roles, family dynamics, violence and mental health after long-term displacement in in Shatila camp, South Beirut as perceived by Syrian refugees. A lack of safety and security coupled with economic hardship rendered refugees even more susceptible to exploitation and harassment. Parental violence was the most commonly reported type of domestic violence. DA - 2019-10-10 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - Long-term displacement KW - Syrian refugees KW - Lebanon KW - Shatila camp KW - Family dynamics KW - Gender roles KW - Mental health KW - Violence LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2019 T1 - “With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon TI - “With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30704 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s13031-019-0228-7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/30704
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationSyam H, Venables E, Sousse B, Severy N, Saavedra L, Kazour F. “With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon. 2019; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30704.en_ZA
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s).
dc.subjectLong-term displacement
dc.subjectSyrian refugees
dc.subjectLebanon
dc.subjectShatila camp
dc.subjectFamily dynamics
dc.subjectGender roles
dc.subjectMental health
dc.subjectViolence
dc.title“With every passing day I feel like a candle, melting little by little.” experiences of long-term displacement amongst Syrian refugees in Shatila, Lebanon
dc.typeJournal Article
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