An analysis of defibrillation and cardiac resynchronization therapy strategies in patients with failing systemic right ventricles

Master Thesis


Permanent link to this Item
Journal Title
Link to Journal
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

University of Cape Town

The expanding application of cardiac resynchronization (CRT) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy (lCD) to include patients with congenital heart disease requires careful evaluation of selection criteria and unconventional adaptive strategies to ensure clinical efficacy. A single centre prospective analysis of adults post atrial redirection surgery (Mustard operation) for dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) presenting with systemic right ventricular (sRV) dysfunction and at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). All patients ( mean age 25 years, range 18-35) with varying functional disability{New York Heart Association (NYHA) II-III} receiving ICDs ± concomitant CRT were evaluated. Total follow-up period was 24 months. A patient individualized approach was used for device implantation. Endocardial, epicardial and transthoracic defibrillation strategies were examined in 5 consecutive cases. A hybridized form of CRT was employed in two patients. Only one patient demonstrated response to therapy while the other deteriorated during biventricular pacing (BVP). This prompted a novel approach to CRT using noncontact mapping (NCM) and acute intra-arterial blood pressure response to guide endocardialsRV lead placement in a single patient. The ejection fraction increased from 23 -33% within 1week post procedure and clinical improvement was sustained after 6-months follow-up. Application of CRT II CD therapy to patients with sRV dysfunction requires individualized and adaptive strategies to overcome anatomical constraints. This study represents a chronological and evolutionary account of these measures.

Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-56).