Emerging lessons on designing and implementing mitigation actions in five developing countries

Journal Article


Journal Title

Climate and Development

Journal ISSN
Volume Title

Taylor and Francis


University of Cape Town

This Special Issue brings together case studies on mitigation actions (MAs) by researchers in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa. The case studies illustrate the rich diversity of MAs as they are conceptualized, designed and moved towards implementation in different circumstances. The wide range of MAs enables a comparative analysis, shedding light on what is common across different cases and what is specific to each country’s experience. An empirically-grounded approach to MAs emerges in this way, and is complemented by an understanding of how the concept of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) emerged in the international negotiations (Coetzee & Winkler, 2013). The sheer diversity of NAMAs is a striking feature even from the relatively small set of case studies in this issue. Zevallos et al. (2014) hone in on the most advanced ‘Pronami’ in Peru, a case study of energy-efficient lighting. The contribution from UniAndes in Colombia considers electric vehicles (Cadena Monroy, Delgado, Espinosa, Peña, & Salazar, 2014). Other authors take a broader view, with Tyler, Boyd, Coetzee, and Winkler (2013) choosing four different MAs that might be developed in South Africa: bus rapid transit, sustainable settlements, an initiative on renewable energy and a carbon tax. Sanhueza and Ladron (2013) present a range of MAs in the transport, agriculture and energy sectors, and their development across different periods. Wills and his co-authors discuss how Brazil might meet its voluntary mitigation goals, with avoided deforestation making a major contribution in the near-term, but the longer-term challenges of lowemissions energy development being new to Brazil. The particular examples chosen by the authors in no way suggest that these are the only MAs undertaken in their respective countries; but merely that the selected MAs were found to have illustrative value.