Performance of the Toddler and Infant (TANDI) Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument in 3–4-Year-Old Children

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The Toddler and Infant (TANDI) dimensions of Health-Related Quality of Life assess ‘age appropriate’ behaviour and measurement could be extended to older children. A sample of 203 children 3–4 years of age was recruited, and their caregivers completed the TANDI, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and EQ-5D-Y Proxy. Spearman and Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and Kruskal–Wallis H-test were used to explore the feasibility, known-group validity, discriminate validity and concurrent validity of the TANDI. Children with a health condition (<i>n</i> = 142) had a lower ceiling effect (<i>p</i> = 0.010) and more unique health profiles (<i>p</i> &lt; 0.001) than the healthy group (<i>n</i> = 61). The TANDI discriminated between those with and without a health condition. In children with a health condition, the TANDI discriminated between clinician rated severity of the health condition. The TANDI had moderate to strong correlations with similar PedsQL and EQ-5D-Y items and scores. The TANDI is valid for children aged 3–4 years and is recommended for children with a health condition, whereas the PedsQL may be better for healthy children. The TANDI is recommended for studies with young children whereas the EQ-5D-Y Proxy is recommended for a sample including older children or for longitudinal studies with preschoolers. Further work on the TANDI is recommended to establish test-retest reliability and responsiveness.