An investigation into the performance of a power-of-two coefficient transversal equalizer in a 34Mbit/s QPSK digital radio during frequency-selective fading conditions

Master Thesis


Permanent link to this Item
Journal Title
Link to Journal
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

University of Cape Town

Under certain atmospheric conditions, multipath propagation can occur. The interaction of radio waves arriving at a receiver, having travelled via paths of differing length, results in the phenomenon of frequency-selective fading. This phenomenon manifests as a notch in the received spectrum and causes a severe degradation in the performance of a digital radio system. As the total power in the received bandwidth may be unaffected, the Automatic Gain Control is not able to correct for this distortion, and so other methods are required. The dissertation commences with a summary of the phenomenon of multipath as this provides the context for the investigations which follow. The adaptive equalizer was developed to combat the distortion introduced by frequency-selective fading. It achieves this by applying an estimate of the inverse of the distorting channel's transfer function. The theory on adaptive equalizers has been well established, and a summary of this theory is presented in the form of Wiener Filter theory and the Wiener-Hopf equations. An adaptive equalizer located in a 34MBit/s QPSK digital radio is required to operate at very high speed, and its digital hardware implementation is not a trivial task. In order to reduce the cost and complexity, a compromise was proposed. If the tap weights of the equalizer could be represented by power-of-two binary numbers, the equalizer circuitry can be dramatically simplified. The aim of the dissertation was to investigate the performance of this simplified equalizer structure and to determine whether a power-of-two equalizer was a viable consideration.

Bibliography: leaves 82-91.