South African Burn Society burn stabilisation protocol

Journal Article


Permanent link to this Item
Journal Title

South African Medical Journal

Journal ISSN
Volume Title

University of Cape Town

Minimal criteria for transfer to a burn centre (Modified from the Australian and New Zealand Burn Association (ANZBA) protocol) Burn injury patients who should be referred to a burn unit include the following: • All burn patients less than 1 year of age • All burn patients from 1 - 2 years of age with burns > 5% total body surface area (TBSA) • Patients in any age group with third-degree burns of any size • Patients older than 2 years with partial-thickness burns greater than 10% TBSA • Patients with burns of special areas – face, hands, feet, genitalia, perineum or major joints • Patients with electrical burns, including lightning burns • Chemical burn patients • Patients with inhalation injury resulting from fire or scald burns • Patients with circumferential burns of the limbs or chest • Burn injury patients with pre-existing medical disorders that could complicate management, prolong recovery or affect mortality • Any patient with burns and concomitant trauma • Paediatric burn cases where child abuse is suspected • Burn patients with treatment requirements exceeding the capabilities of the referring centre • Septic burn wound cases.