In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction

dc.contributor.advisorFischer, Nicoen_ZA
dc.contributor.advisorClaeys, Michaelen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKhasu, Motlokoaen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-18T14:17:46Z
dc.date.available2017-08-18T14:17:46Z
dc.date.issued2017en_ZA
dc.description.abstractThe preferential oxidation (PROX) reaction is an effective process for the removal of trace amounts of carbon monoxide from a reformate stream. Tricobalt tetraoxide (Co₃O₄) is the candidate for CO-PROX in a H₂ rich gas and could be an alternative to the rare and expensive PGMs. This study investigates the effect of different Co₃O₄ morphologies in the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in H₂ rich gas. Reports have shown morphology dependency in CO oxidation in the absence of hydrogen, no study has investigated the morphology dependency in H₂ rich atmospheres. Different morphologies of nanocubes, nanosheets and nanobelts were prepared using hydrothermal mn and precipitation. Conventional spherical nanoparticles from our group were included to compare the activity of conventional nanoparticles with nanoparticles of different morphology. The model catalysts were supported on silica spheres which were also prepared. The CO-PROX experiments were conducted in the in situ UCT-developed magnetometer and PXRD capillary cell instruments by induced reduction at temperatures between 50 and 450°C. Catalyst tests showed two distinct temperature regions with maximum activity. In the range of 150 – 175ᵒC, activity decreased from nanoparticles > amine nanosheets > nanobelts. However, the surface area specific rate of CO₂ formation displayed an inverse trend. In the region of 225 – 250ᵒC, nanocubes > NaOH nanosheet > HCl nanocubes showed maximum activity. The surface area specific rate was the same for amine nanocubes and NaOH nanosheets. None of the model catalysts retained their morphology after the temperature was ramped from 50ᵒC to 450ᵒC, and back to 50ᵒC. The catalysts were partially reduced to metallic Coo (other phase being CoO). Figure 1: In situ PXRD analysis and kinetics of CH4, CO and CO₂ showing the behaviour of Co₃O₄/SiO₂ (amine nanocubes) under CO-PROX conditionsen_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationKhasu, M. (2017). <i>In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Catalysis Research. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24905en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationKhasu, Motlokoa. <i>"In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Catalysis Research, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24905en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationKhasu, M. 2017. In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction. University of Cape Town.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Khasu, Motlokoa AB - The preferential oxidation (PROX) reaction is an effective process for the removal of trace amounts of carbon monoxide from a reformate stream. Tricobalt tetraoxide (Co₃O₄) is the candidate for CO-PROX in a H₂ rich gas and could be an alternative to the rare and expensive PGMs. This study investigates the effect of different Co₃O₄ morphologies in the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in H₂ rich gas. Reports have shown morphology dependency in CO oxidation in the absence of hydrogen, no study has investigated the morphology dependency in H₂ rich atmospheres. Different morphologies of nanocubes, nanosheets and nanobelts were prepared using hydrothermal mn and precipitation. Conventional spherical nanoparticles from our group were included to compare the activity of conventional nanoparticles with nanoparticles of different morphology. The model catalysts were supported on silica spheres which were also prepared. The CO-PROX experiments were conducted in the in situ UCT-developed magnetometer and PXRD capillary cell instruments by induced reduction at temperatures between 50 and 450°C. Catalyst tests showed two distinct temperature regions with maximum activity. In the range of 150 – 175ᵒC, activity decreased from nanoparticles > amine nanosheets > nanobelts. However, the surface area specific rate of CO₂ formation displayed an inverse trend. In the region of 225 – 250ᵒC, nanocubes > NaOH nanosheet > HCl nanocubes showed maximum activity. The surface area specific rate was the same for amine nanocubes and NaOH nanosheets. None of the model catalysts retained their morphology after the temperature was ramped from 50ᵒC to 450ᵒC, and back to 50ᵒC. The catalysts were partially reduced to metallic Coo (other phase being CoO). Figure 1: In situ PXRD analysis and kinetics of CH4, CO and CO₂ showing the behaviour of Co₃O₄/SiO₂ (amine nanocubes) under CO-PROX conditions DA - 2017 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2017 T1 - In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction TI - In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24905 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/24905
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationKhasu M. In situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reaction. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Catalysis Research, 2017 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24905en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentCentre for Catalysis Researchen_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.subject.otherCatalysis Researchen_ZA
dc.subject.otherChemical Engineeringen_ZA
dc.titleIn situ study of Co₃O₄ morphology in the CO-PROX reactionen_ZA
dc.typeMaster Thesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelMasters
dc.type.qualificationnameMSc (Eng)en_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceThesisen_ZA
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