- ItemRestrictedA Developmental Social Work Practice Framework for Promoting Healthy Human Relationships for and Amongst Youth in South Africa(Springer, 2021-01-02) Gxubane, Thulane; Noyoo, NdangwaYoung people are exposed to various sources of vulnerabilities due to their stage of human development and their socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. They are often confronted with enormous social and peer pressures, as well as challenges of having to live up to the expectations of their families, community and society in general. These pressures and expectations usually result in intrapersonal and interpersonal conflicts. The former usually leads to intense anger, anxiety and sometimes depression which manifest in unhealthy relationships with the self. The latter usually contributes to destructive human relationships and interpersonal violence. Dysfunctional human relationships have a major negative impact on young people’s social functioning. Healthy human relationships are essential in establishing good social support systems, which could enhance young people’s sense of belonging and social functioning. A developmental practice paradigm requires social workers to promote the prevention of destructive human relationships, and to intervene as early as possible in ameliorating emerging troublesome human relationships. This chapter focuses on a developmental social work practice framework for promoting healthy human relationships for and amongst youth in South Africa. It proposes a developmental and restorative practice framework, which could promote resilience and healthy human relationships for and among youth.
- ItemOpen AccessThe role of Open Data as a social justice entity(2018) Nyahodza, LenaThis conference paper presents the role that open data is playing in creating open maps to rescue girls that are schedules for female gender mutilation (FGM), thus giving hope to a girl child in Tanzania. Literature indicates that there have been reports of young girls losing lives during or becoming disabled after the FGM procedures in many occasions; and the creation of open maps through the use of open data has made it possible to locate girls that need rescue from scheduled procedures. FGM practice aims to ensure premarital virginity and marital fidelity, as FGM is believed to reduce a woman's libido, which is also believed to help women resist extramarital sexual acts. FGM is on its own a social injustice practice that is intended to glorify men at the expense of the health and lives of the girl children. Open data, has therefore, presented an opportunity to save girls from the harmful FGM practice.
- ItemOpen AccessEnforcement and effectiveness of consumer law in South Africa(Springer, 2018) Naude, Tjakie; Barnard, Jacolien; Micklitz, Hans-W; Saumier, GenevieveThis chapter discusses and evaluates the enforcement and effectiveness of Consumer Law in South Africa. It first provides the principal legal and policy framework, including the legislation and common law and consumer policy and strategic plans of the governmental authorities and enforcement agencies. It sets out details and some statistics regarding enforcement by specialised enforcement agencies, such as the National Consumer Commission, the National Credit Regulator and provincial consumer protection authorities. Alternative dispute resolution actors are discussed, including ombuds enforcing the Consumer Protection Act and ombuds in the financial services sector. Thereafter enforcement by the courts are considered, as well as enforcement through collective redress. The role of consumer organisations and private regulation are discussed, as well as sanctions for breaches of consumer law. External relations and cooperation of the State, enforcers and consumer organisations with bodies external to South Africa are considered. Finally, the effectiveness of the enforcement mechanisms is critically evaluated and some proposals for reform made.
- ItemOpen AccessThe challenge of communicating science effectively in fisheries management(African Minds, 2020) Butterworth, Doug S; Weingart, P; Joubert, M; Falade, BThis chapter presents a short case study of a particular field of science communication: scientific advice to decision-makers1 in fisheries management. Scientific advice to decision-makers is a special type of science communication, as it is directly linked to political decisions. Thus, the advisory process requires certain institutional structures that guarantee the quality of the process. The chapter commences with a very brief introduction to fisheries management: what are the basic objectives, and what makes them difficult to attain. It then proceeds to summarise the basic structures that underlie the process of developing scientific advice for fisheries management measures, and of transmitting this advice to decision-makers (such as the government ministers responsible) for final decisions. This is discussed both in a South African and international context, addressing whether they are working and where the problems lie. Finally, problems in the way scientists try to communicate scientific results in these processes are highlighted, with some suggestions given of how they might be improved.
- ItemOpen AccessLibrary publishing for an inclusive education(Routledge, 2020) Raju, Reggie; Claassen, Jill; Nyahodza, Lena; Dali, Keren; Caidi, NadiaHigher education, in the main, should be structured such that it addresses the issue of diversity and rejects all forms of hegemony, stereotypes and biases: both as a public and a common good it must provide equal opportunity for as many as possible in the interest of a more rights-based, egalitarian, and cohesive society. However, the cost of scholarly literature has spiralled out of control, making higher education unaffordable. In a post-colonial era, it is imperative that higher education be relevant and decolonised. Unfortunately, the quest for maximizing profits by large publishing houses have not supported the goal of an affordable and decolonised education. Academic libraries are attempting to bridge this divide by providing an open access and social justice driven ‘library as a publisher’ service. This service upholds the principles of inclusivity and diversity. Library publishing provides opportunity for an inclusive, affordable and decolonised higher education.