Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa

dc.contributor.advisorAlaba, Olufunkeen_ZA
dc.contributor.advisorGovender, Veloshneeen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNakimuli, Brendaen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-26T13:33:08Z
dc.date.available2017-01-26T13:33:08Z
dc.date.issued2016en_ZA
dc.description.abstractObesity is a public health concern in both high- and low-middle income countries. In South Africa obesity is not only limited to adults but is also evidenced in children. In order to contribute useful insights for developing effective obesity policy and programme interventions, this study assesses socioeconomic (SE) inequalities related to childhood obesity in South Africa. Using data from the South African National Income Dynamics survey (2012), the study assesses the extent of SE inequalities in obesity using concentration index (CI). The study also assesses the determinants that underpin these inequalities using decomposition analysis of the CI. Overall, the positive CI from the results indicates that the burden of obesity is more concentrated among the rich compared to the poor with girls having slightly greater SE inequalities compared to boys. The decomposition analysis further indicated that the determinants of these inequalities were an interplay of individual (i.e. race), household (i.e. household head characteristics) and contextual (i.e. household location) level factors. These findings suggest that there is a continuous need for surveillance of obesity in children over time across different social economic status (SES) especially in low- and middle- income countries. Finally, the results suggest that both childhood obesity and inequalities are complex issues with different underlying determinants that vary with the different SES, gender and may require coordinated policy and programmatic interventions at individual, household and contextual level.en_ZA
dc.identifier.apacitationNakimuli, B. (2016). <i>Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Health Economics Unit. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23395en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitationNakimuli, Brenda. <i>"Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Health Economics Unit, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23395en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationNakimuli, B. 2016. Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa. University of Cape Town.en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Nakimuli, Brenda AB - Obesity is a public health concern in both high- and low-middle income countries. In South Africa obesity is not only limited to adults but is also evidenced in children. In order to contribute useful insights for developing effective obesity policy and programme interventions, this study assesses socioeconomic (SE) inequalities related to childhood obesity in South Africa. Using data from the South African National Income Dynamics survey (2012), the study assesses the extent of SE inequalities in obesity using concentration index (CI). The study also assesses the determinants that underpin these inequalities using decomposition analysis of the CI. Overall, the positive CI from the results indicates that the burden of obesity is more concentrated among the rich compared to the poor with girls having slightly greater SE inequalities compared to boys. The decomposition analysis further indicated that the determinants of these inequalities were an interplay of individual (i.e. race), household (i.e. household head characteristics) and contextual (i.e. household location) level factors. These findings suggest that there is a continuous need for surveillance of obesity in children over time across different social economic status (SES) especially in low- and middle- income countries. Finally, the results suggest that both childhood obesity and inequalities are complex issues with different underlying determinants that vary with the different SES, gender and may require coordinated policy and programmatic interventions at individual, household and contextual level. DA - 2016 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2016 T1 - Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa TI - Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23395 ER - en_ZA
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11427/23395
dc.identifier.vancouvercitationNakimuli B. Socioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africa. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Health Economics Unit, 2016 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23395en_ZA
dc.language.isoengen_ZA
dc.publisher.departmentHealth Economics Uniten_ZA
dc.publisher.facultyFaculty of Health Sciencesen_ZA
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cape Town
dc.subject.otherHealth Economicsen_ZA
dc.titleSocioeconomic inequalities of childhood obesity in South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeMaster Thesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelMasters
dc.type.qualificationnameMPHen_ZA
uct.type.filetypeText
uct.type.filetypeImage
uct.type.publicationResearchen_ZA
uct.type.resourceThesisen_ZA
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