The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Hall, Simon en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Anderson, Mark Steven en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-29T14:03:40Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-29T14:03:40Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Anderson, M. 2009. The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/8924
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 333-355). en_ZA
dc.description.abstract This thesis advocates the application of an interdisciplinary approach to the historical archaeology of Tswana towns of the late Moloko period in South Africa, and asserts the importance of examining such sites on a case by case basis against the defined backdrop of their unique historical, political and biophysical contexts. The early 19th century Tlokwa capital of Marothodi, in the Pilanesberg region of South Africa, forms the focus of a study through which the value of this approach is demonstrated. The historical, political and biophysical context of the site is explored, with an emphasis on Tlokwa oral traditions. Archaeological investigation reveals details of settlement organisation, while preliminary ceramic analysis contributes to an understanding of ancestral identity, indicating a possible affinity with early Fokeng lineages stemming from Northern Nguni origins. All of the above is relevant to one particular aspect of production. The organisation of both iron and copper production at Marothodi is explored and analysed against the wider contextual backdrop of the capital. The intensification of metallurgical output, and the adaptation of Tswana cultural codes to the unprecedented demands of living in an aggregated community, demonstrate the degree to which historical context could influence the organisation of production, and consequently the archaeological expression of the town. In summary, this research suggests a period of ascendant political status for the Tlokwa at this time in the history of the chiefdom; a conclusion that could only have been reached through a combination of historical, biophysical, ethnographic and archaeological data. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Archaeology en_ZA
dc.title The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Archaeology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Anderson, M. S. (2009). <i>The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/8924 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Anderson, Mark Steven. <i>"The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology, 2009. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/8924 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Anderson MS. The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Archaeology, 2009 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/8924 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Anderson, Mark Steven AB - This thesis advocates the application of an interdisciplinary approach to the historical archaeology of Tswana towns of the late Moloko period in South Africa, and asserts the importance of examining such sites on a case by case basis against the defined backdrop of their unique historical, political and biophysical contexts. The early 19th century Tlokwa capital of Marothodi, in the Pilanesberg region of South Africa, forms the focus of a study through which the value of this approach is demonstrated. The historical, political and biophysical context of the site is explored, with an emphasis on Tlokwa oral traditions. Archaeological investigation reveals details of settlement organisation, while preliminary ceramic analysis contributes to an understanding of ancestral identity, indicating a possible affinity with early Fokeng lineages stemming from Northern Nguni origins. All of the above is relevant to one particular aspect of production. The organisation of both iron and copper production at Marothodi is explored and analysed against the wider contextual backdrop of the capital. The intensification of metallurgical output, and the adaptation of Tswana cultural codes to the unprecedented demands of living in an aggregated community, demonstrate the degree to which historical context could influence the organisation of production, and consequently the archaeological expression of the town. In summary, this research suggests a period of ascendant political status for the Tlokwa at this time in the history of the chiefdom; a conclusion that could only have been reached through a combination of historical, biophysical, ethnographic and archaeological data. DA - 2009 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2009 T1 - The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa TI - The historical archaeology of Marothodi : towards an understanding of space, identity and the organisation of production at an early 19th century Tlokwa capital in the Pilansberg region of South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/8924 ER - en_ZA


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