Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Moloney, Coleen en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Marsac, Francis en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Ndjaula, Hilkka O N en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Harikishun, Ameil en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-22T12:00:17Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-22T12:00:17Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Harikishun, A. 2013. Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/7632
dc.description.abstract Standard weight (Ws) equations were established for yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the Western Indian Ocean and used as a baseline for calculating relative weight (Wr) indices. Length-weight data for yellowfin tuna were obtained from the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) for 1984 to 1991 and 2003 to 2013. Four quadratic standard weight equations were established (based on mean, median, first and third quartile statistics for each length class) using log10-transformed weight (W, in grams) and fork length (FL, in mm) data. The median Ws equation (log10(W) = -3.903 + 2.425(FL) + 0.103(FL)2) was the preferred baseline for the Wr analysis. Relative weight estimates for individual fish ranged from 92 to 110. Annual and monthly Wr estimates ranged from 99 to 101 and 99.9 to 100.5 respectively. A GLM was fitted to separate the effects of year, month and sex on the response variable Wr. Year, month, sex and the interaction terms Year:Sex and Month:Sex all contributed significantly to the variability in Wr explained. Correlations between environmental variability and yellowfin tuna condition were observed. Concentrations of suitable prey in 2003 and 2004 correlated to above average condition, although 2005 and 2006 were below average condition during similar prey availability and environmental conditions. Relative weight followed an increasing trend from 2008 to 2013 despite lower biological enrichment. Mechanisms such as a shallower thermocline and reduced fishing pressure are proposed explanations. This study provided a reference study for body condition studies of yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean. It also provided support for the application of the Wr index to other tuna species in the Indian Ocean managed by the IOTC. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.title Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean en_ZA
dc.type Bachelor Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Honours
dc.type.qualificationname BSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Harikishun, A. (2013). <i>Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/7632 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Harikishun, Ameil. <i>"Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/7632 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Harikishun A. Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 2013 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/7632 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Harikishun, Ameil AB - Standard weight (Ws) equations were established for yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the Western Indian Ocean and used as a baseline for calculating relative weight (Wr) indices. Length-weight data for yellowfin tuna were obtained from the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) for 1984 to 1991 and 2003 to 2013. Four quadratic standard weight equations were established (based on mean, median, first and third quartile statistics for each length class) using log10-transformed weight (W, in grams) and fork length (FL, in mm) data. The median Ws equation (log10(W) = -3.903 + 2.425(FL) + 0.103(FL)2) was the preferred baseline for the Wr analysis. Relative weight estimates for individual fish ranged from 92 to 110. Annual and monthly Wr estimates ranged from 99 to 101 and 99.9 to 100.5 respectively. A GLM was fitted to separate the effects of year, month and sex on the response variable Wr. Year, month, sex and the interaction terms Year:Sex and Month:Sex all contributed significantly to the variability in Wr explained. Correlations between environmental variability and yellowfin tuna condition were observed. Concentrations of suitable prey in 2003 and 2004 correlated to above average condition, although 2005 and 2006 were below average condition during similar prey availability and environmental conditions. Relative weight followed an increasing trend from 2008 to 2013 despite lower biological enrichment. Mechanisms such as a shallower thermocline and reduced fishing pressure are proposed explanations. This study provided a reference study for body condition studies of yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean. It also provided support for the application of the Wr index to other tuna species in the Indian Ocean managed by the IOTC. DA - 2013 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2013 T1 - Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean TI - Establishing a weight-length baseline for evaluating changes in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) body condition in the Western Indian Ocean UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/7632 ER - en_ZA


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