Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Leibbrandt, Murray en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Ardington, Carolyn en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-31T12:26:24Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-31T12:26:24Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Ardington, C. 2008. Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5761
dc.description.abstract The HIV/AIDS pandemic is leaving in its wake a generation of children who have lost parents, care-givers, and other loved ones to illness and death. One of the lasting effects of the HIV/AIDS crisis will be the impact it is having on the education of the generation of children now of school going age. This thesis examines the extent to which South African children who have experienced parental loss are vulnerable to poorer educational outcomes. It contributes to the literature on orphans and schooling in Africa in a number of ways. Firstly, I assess the extent to which the vulnerability of orphans to poorer educational outcomes has changed over time as the AIDS crisis deepens in South Africa. This provides an avenue to explore whether the fear that extended families are no longer effective safety nets may be overstated or whether traditional coping strategies are indeed breaking down. At every point in time cross-sectional evidence suggests that orphans are at risk of poorer educational outcomes with maternal deaths generally having stronger negative effects than paternal deaths. Despite a significant increase in the number of orphans over the last decade I find no evidence of a systematic deterioration in traditional coping strategies with respect to orphans' educational outcomes. Secondly, I analyse two geographically and socioeconomically distinct longitudinal datasets to investigate whether parental death effects are causal. My evidence is consistent with mother's deaths having a causal effect on children's schooling. Thirdly, I exploit the longitudinal data to investigate the extent to which orphan disadvantage precedes parental death and whether orphans begin to recover in the period following a parent's death or whether they continue to fall behind. Finally, I investigate the longer run impact of parental loss in childhood on human capital formation by focusing on the completion of secondary school by early adulthood. These results suggest that parental death will reduce the ultimate human capital attainment of the child. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Economics en_ZA
dc.title Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Commerce en_ZA
dc.publisher.department School of Economics en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Ardington, C. (2008). <i>Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Commerce ,School of Economics. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5761 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Ardington, Carolyn. <i>"Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Commerce ,School of Economics, 2008. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5761 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Ardington C. Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Commerce ,School of Economics, 2008 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5761 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Ardington, Carolyn AB - The HIV/AIDS pandemic is leaving in its wake a generation of children who have lost parents, care-givers, and other loved ones to illness and death. One of the lasting effects of the HIV/AIDS crisis will be the impact it is having on the education of the generation of children now of school going age. This thesis examines the extent to which South African children who have experienced parental loss are vulnerable to poorer educational outcomes. It contributes to the literature on orphans and schooling in Africa in a number of ways. Firstly, I assess the extent to which the vulnerability of orphans to poorer educational outcomes has changed over time as the AIDS crisis deepens in South Africa. This provides an avenue to explore whether the fear that extended families are no longer effective safety nets may be overstated or whether traditional coping strategies are indeed breaking down. At every point in time cross-sectional evidence suggests that orphans are at risk of poorer educational outcomes with maternal deaths generally having stronger negative effects than paternal deaths. Despite a significant increase in the number of orphans over the last decade I find no evidence of a systematic deterioration in traditional coping strategies with respect to orphans' educational outcomes. Secondly, I analyse two geographically and socioeconomically distinct longitudinal datasets to investigate whether parental death effects are causal. My evidence is consistent with mother's deaths having a causal effect on children's schooling. Thirdly, I exploit the longitudinal data to investigate the extent to which orphan disadvantage precedes parental death and whether orphans begin to recover in the period following a parent's death or whether they continue to fall behind. Finally, I investigate the longer run impact of parental loss in childhood on human capital formation by focusing on the completion of secondary school by early adulthood. These results suggest that parental death will reduce the ultimate human capital attainment of the child. DA - 2008 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2008 T1 - Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa TI - Parental death and schooling outcomes in South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5761 ER - en_ZA


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