Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Nurick, Gerald N en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Jost, Rötger en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-31T11:21:32Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-31T11:21:32Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Jost, R. 2000. Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5527
dc.description Bibliography: leaves 154-166.
dc.description.abstract Accident statistics have shown that automotive side impacts are a major safety problem. The side impact dynamics of an occupant are very complex and difficult to investigate. Industrial research has mainly focused on the impact dynamics of man-made side impact dummies, rather than on the dynamics of real human bodies. Therefore fundamental research of the impact dynamics of real human bodies is rare. The objective of this thesis has been to make a contribution to this research by developing a computer-simulated model of the human body using the finite element technique. Fundamental research has been conducted in the past to investigate the biomechanical impact responses of the human body subjected to lateral impact. For obvious reasons, tests exceeding injury levels are not performed with living humans and hence human cadavers were used. A pendulum mass is usually used in impactor tests to impact the cadaver at different body regions with varying initial velocities. Sled tests are another test procedure, in which cadavers are impacted against a rigid or padded wall by means of a horizontally accelerated sled. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.title Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Jost, R. (2000). <i>Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Mechanical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5527 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Jost, Rötger. <i>"Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2000. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5527 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Jost R. Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2000 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5527 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Jost, Rötger AB - Accident statistics have shown that automotive side impacts are a major safety problem. The side impact dynamics of an occupant are very complex and difficult to investigate. Industrial research has mainly focused on the impact dynamics of man-made side impact dummies, rather than on the dynamics of real human bodies. Therefore fundamental research of the impact dynamics of real human bodies is rare. The objective of this thesis has been to make a contribution to this research by developing a computer-simulated model of the human body using the finite element technique. Fundamental research has been conducted in the past to investigate the biomechanical impact responses of the human body subjected to lateral impact. For obvious reasons, tests exceeding injury levels are not performed with living humans and hence human cadavers were used. A pendulum mass is usually used in impactor tests to impact the cadaver at different body regions with varying initial velocities. Sled tests are another test procedure, in which cadavers are impacted against a rigid or padded wall by means of a horizontally accelerated sled. DA - 2000 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2000 T1 - Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact TI - Finite element simulation of the human body in vehicle side impact UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/5527 ER - en_ZA


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