Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa

 

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Rosa, Solange en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-30T08:25:46Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-30T08:25:46Z
dc.date.issued 2004-08 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Rosa, S. 2004-08. Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa. Children's Institute Working Paper No. 3. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.isbn 0-7992-2273-9 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3957
dc.description.abstract As a consequence of the increasing numbers of orphans in South Africa in the context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, a relatively small number of children are remaining in households where there are no adult care-givers – in so-called ‘child-headed households’. Despite the lack of accurate, national data on the prevalence of such child-headed households, it is likely that the number of child-headed households in South Africa will increase as the HIV/AIDS pandemic progresses. This paper argues that, in light of this reality and future projections, under certain circumstances it may be ‘in the best interests of the child’ that child-headed households be recognised as a legitimate family form. This paper further argues that, once recognised, children living in child-headed households require social assistance from the State if they are unable to support themselves or their dependents, and that according to the South African Constitution, they are equally entitled to such assistance. Children living in child-headed households are currently unable to access financial support, in the form of the Child Support Grant, from the government, for two reasons: the administrative identification requirements placed on the applicant ‘primary care-giver’, and the lack of political will to give grants directly to these children. The Constitution obliges the State to provide social security to everyone, including social assistance if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants. In addition, the State has a responsibility to children who are orphaned and have no parental care. This paper argues that the government has an obligation to provide social assistance to children living in child- headed households, via a mechanism that is practical, reasonable and appropriate. This paper therefore analyses the problems experienced by children living in child-headed households in accessing social assistance, in particular the Child Support Grant; outlines the constitutional obligations of the State regarding social assistance towards such children; and presents a number of mechanisms – directly and through a mentor – that will ensure that child- headed households are able to access social assistance provided by the State. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Children's Institute en_ZA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Children's Institute Working Paper No. 3 en_ZA
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other care en_ZA
dc.subject.other care arrangements en_ZA
dc.title Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Working Paper en_ZA
dc.rights.holder Copyright 2004 Children's Institute, University of Cape Town. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Working Paper en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Children's Institute of UCT en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Rosa, S. (2004). <i>Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa</i> (Children's Institute Working Paper No. 3). Children's Institute. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Rosa, Solange <i>Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa.</i> Children's Institute Working Paper No. 3. Children's Institute, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Rosa S. Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa. 2004 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper AU - Rosa, Solange AB - As a consequence of the increasing numbers of orphans in South Africa in the context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, a relatively small number of children are remaining in households where there are no adult care-givers – in so-called ‘child-headed households’. Despite the lack of accurate, national data on the prevalence of such child-headed households, it is likely that the number of child-headed households in South Africa will increase as the HIV/AIDS pandemic progresses. This paper argues that, in light of this reality and future projections, under certain circumstances it may be ‘in the best interests of the child’ that child-headed households be recognised as a legitimate family form. This paper further argues that, once recognised, children living in child-headed households require social assistance from the State if they are unable to support themselves or their dependents, and that according to the South African Constitution, they are equally entitled to such assistance. Children living in child-headed households are currently unable to access financial support, in the form of the Child Support Grant, from the government, for two reasons: the administrative identification requirements placed on the applicant ‘primary care-giver’, and the lack of political will to give grants directly to these children. The Constitution obliges the State to provide social security to everyone, including social assistance if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants. In addition, the State has a responsibility to children who are orphaned and have no parental care. This paper argues that the government has an obligation to provide social assistance to children living in child- headed households, via a mechanism that is practical, reasonable and appropriate. This paper therefore analyses the problems experienced by children living in child-headed households in accessing social assistance, in particular the Child Support Grant; outlines the constitutional obligations of the State regarding social assistance towards such children; and presents a number of mechanisms – directly and through a mentor – that will ensure that child- headed households are able to access social assistance provided by the State. DA - 2004-08 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2004 SM - 0-7992-2273-9 T1 - Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa TI - Counting on children: realising the right to social assistance for child-headed households in South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3957 ER - en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International