Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.author Tamuka Moyo
dc.contributor.author Hazvinei Tsitsi
dc.contributor.author Zuidgeest, Mark
dc.contributor.author van Delden, Hedwig
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-31T09:07:11Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-31T09:07:11Z
dc.date.issued 2021-01-18
dc.identifier doi: 10.3390/urbansci5010010
dc.identifier.citation , , Zuidgeest, M. & van Delden, H. 2021. Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa. <i>Urban Science.</i> 5(1):10. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205
dc.description.abstract The Group Areas Act of 1950 has resulted in post-apartheid South African cities being characterised by spatial patterns with limited access to social and economic opportunities for the black and coloured population. Typically, high-density low-income housing is located peripherally, while low density high-income housing is located in accessible central areas. With increased rural-to-urban migration, the demand for formal housing has historically surpassed supply, which has increased the growth of informal settlements. Current discourse within South African land use policy suggests that in-situ upgrading of informal housing is a viable response to integrate informal settlements into the formal city. In parallel, it is proposed that new low-income residential areas and employment-generating land uses should be located along transport corridors to improve access to transport, its infrastructure and the opportunities it provides for previously marginalised groups. This study uses Cape Town as a case city to explore two land-use driven development strategies directed at informal settlements and low-income housing. A dynamic land use transport model based on a cellular automata land use model and a four-stage transport model was used to simulate land use and transport changes. Specifically, in-situ upgrading of informal settlements and strategically locating new low-income residential and employment generating land uses along transport corridors were considered. The results from the analysis suggest that in-situ upgrading is a viable option only if new informal settlements are in areas with easy access to economic centres. With regards to low-income housing, targeted interventions aimed at &lsquo;unlocking&rsquo; low-income housing activities along transport corridors were found to be useful. However, it was also observed that middle-income residential development and employment generating activities were also attracted to the same corridors, thus, resulting in mixed land uses, which is beneficial but can potentially result in rental bids between low and middle-income earners thus displacing low-income earners away from these areas.
dc.source Urban Science
dc.source.uri https://www.mdpi.com/journal/urbansci
dc.title Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa
dc.type Journal Article
dc.date.updated 2021-03-26T14:05:53Z
dc.source.journalvolume 5
dc.source.journalissue 1
dc.source.pagination 10
dc.identifier.apacitation , , Zuidgeest, M., & van Delden, H. (2021). Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa. <i>Urban Science</i>, 5(1), 10. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation , , Mark Zuidgeest, and Hedwig van Delden "Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa." <i>Urban Science</i> 5, 1. (2021): 10. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation , , Zuidgeest M, van Delden H. Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa. Urban Science. 2021;5(1):10. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Tamuka Moyo AU - Hazvinei Tsitsi AU - Zuidgeest, Mark AU - van Delden, Hedwig AB - The Group Areas Act of 1950 has resulted in post-apartheid South African cities being characterised by spatial patterns with limited access to social and economic opportunities for the black and coloured population. Typically, high-density low-income housing is located peripherally, while low density high-income housing is located in accessible central areas. With increased rural-to-urban migration, the demand for formal housing has historically surpassed supply, which has increased the growth of informal settlements. Current discourse within South African land use policy suggests that in-situ upgrading of informal housing is a viable response to integrate informal settlements into the formal city. In parallel, it is proposed that new low-income residential areas and employment-generating land uses should be located along transport corridors to improve access to transport, its infrastructure and the opportunities it provides for previously marginalised groups. This study uses Cape Town as a case city to explore two land-use driven development strategies directed at informal settlements and low-income housing. A dynamic land use transport model based on a cellular automata land use model and a four-stage transport model was used to simulate land use and transport changes. Specifically, in-situ upgrading of informal settlements and strategically locating new low-income residential and employment generating land uses along transport corridors were considered. The results from the analysis suggest that in-situ upgrading is a viable option only if new informal settlements are in areas with easy access to economic centres. With regards to low-income housing, targeted interventions aimed at &lsquo;unlocking&rsquo; low-income housing activities along transport corridors were found to be useful. However, it was also observed that middle-income residential development and employment generating activities were also attracted to the same corridors, thus, resulting in mixed land uses, which is beneficial but can potentially result in rental bids between low and middle-income earners thus displacing low-income earners away from these areas. DA - 2021-01-18 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town IS - 1 J1 - Urban Science LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2021 T1 - Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa TI - Lessons Learned from Applying an Integrated Land Use Transport Planning Model to Address Issues of Social and Economic Exclusion of Marginalised Groups: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/33205 ER - en_ZA


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