A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Skatulla, Sebastian
dc.contributor.author Mosam, Adam
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-06T13:45:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-06T13:45:54Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Mosam, A. 2019. A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30895
dc.description.abstract This research is part of an on-going project aimed at describing the mechanotransduction of Rheumatic Heart Disease, in order to study and predict long-term effects of new therapeutic concepts to treat inflammatory heart diseases and ultimately, estimate their effectiveness to prevent heart failure. Attention is given to Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) - a valvular heart disease. RHD is a condition which is mostly common amongst poorer regions and mainly affects young people, of which claims approximately 250 000 lives per annum. The Theory of Porous Media (TPM) can represent the proliferative growth and remodelling processes related to RHD within a thermodynamically consistent framework and is additionally advantageous with application to biological tissue due to the ability to couple multiple constituents, such as tissue and blood. The research presented will extend an existing biphasic TPM model for the solid cardiac tissue (solid phase) saturated in a blood and interstitial fluid (liquid phase) [21], to a triphasic model with inclusion of a third nutrient phase. This inclusion is motivated by the reason to constrain the volume of the liquid phase within the system in response to the description of growth, which is modelled through a mass exchange between the solid phase and liquid phase within the biphasic model. Although the nutrient phase acts as a source for growth, the proposed mass supply function used to correlate the deposition of sarcomeres in relation to growth is predominantly mechanically driven and bears no connection to any biochemical constituent, which therefore renders the nutrient phase as a physiologically arbitrary quantity. However, the provision of the nutrient phase is a platform for the inclusion of known constituents which actively contribute towards growth, of which may be explored in future research. The triphasic model is applied to a full cardiac cycle of a left ventricle model, extracted from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of patients diagnosed with RHD.
dc.subject Engineering
dc.title A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease
dc.type Master Thesis
dc.date.updated 2020-02-03T11:47:40Z
dc.language.rfc3066 eng
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Civil Engineering
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc
dc.identifier.apacitation Mosam, A. (2019). <i>A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease</i>. (). ,Engineering and the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30895 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Mosam, Adam. <i>"A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease."</i> ., ,Engineering and the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30895 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Mosam A. A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease. []. ,Engineering and the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering, 2019 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30895 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Mosam, Adam AB - This research is part of an on-going project aimed at describing the mechanotransduction of Rheumatic Heart Disease, in order to study and predict long-term effects of new therapeutic concepts to treat inflammatory heart diseases and ultimately, estimate their effectiveness to prevent heart failure. Attention is given to Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) - a valvular heart disease. RHD is a condition which is mostly common amongst poorer regions and mainly affects young people, of which claims approximately 250 000 lives per annum. The Theory of Porous Media (TPM) can represent the proliferative growth and remodelling processes related to RHD within a thermodynamically consistent framework and is additionally advantageous with application to biological tissue due to the ability to couple multiple constituents, such as tissue and blood. The research presented will extend an existing biphasic TPM model for the solid cardiac tissue (solid phase) saturated in a blood and interstitial fluid (liquid phase) [21], to a triphasic model with inclusion of a third nutrient phase. This inclusion is motivated by the reason to constrain the volume of the liquid phase within the system in response to the description of growth, which is modelled through a mass exchange between the solid phase and liquid phase within the biphasic model. Although the nutrient phase acts as a source for growth, the proposed mass supply function used to correlate the deposition of sarcomeres in relation to growth is predominantly mechanically driven and bears no connection to any biochemical constituent, which therefore renders the nutrient phase as a physiologically arbitrary quantity. However, the provision of the nutrient phase is a platform for the inclusion of known constituents which actively contribute towards growth, of which may be explored in future research. The triphasic model is applied to a full cardiac cycle of a left ventricle model, extracted from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of patients diagnosed with RHD. DA - 2019 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - Engineering LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2019 T1 - A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease TI - A tri-phasic continuum model for the numerical analysis of biological tissue proliferation using the Theory of Porous Media. Application to cardiac remodelling in rheumatic heart disease UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/30895 ER - en_ZA


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