Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries

 

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dc.contributor.author Zakrzewski-Fruer, Julia K
dc.contributor.author Gillison, Fiona B
dc.contributor.author Katzmarzyk, Peter T
dc.contributor.author Mire, Emily F
dc.contributor.author Broyles, Stephanie T
dc.contributor.author Champagne, Catherine M
dc.contributor.author Chaput, Jean-Philippe
dc.contributor.author Denstel, Kara D
dc.contributor.author Fogelholm, Mikael
dc.contributor.author Hu, Gang
dc.contributor.author Lambert, Estelle V
dc.contributor.author Maher, Carol
dc.contributor.author Maia, José
dc.contributor.author Olds, Tim
dc.contributor.author Onywera, Vincent
dc.contributor.author Sarmiento, Olga L
dc.contributor.author Tremblay, Mark S
dc.contributor.author Tudor-Locke, Catrine
dc.contributor.author Standage, Martyn
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-06T11:12:20Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-06T11:12:20Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-21
dc.identifier.citation Zakrzewski-Fruer, J. K., Gillison, F. B., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Mire, E. F., Broyles, S. T., Champagne, C. M., ... & Lambert, E. V. (2019). Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries. BMC public health, 19(1), 222.
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6542-6
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29901
dc.description.abstract Background Existing research has documented inconsistent findings for the associations among breakfast frequency, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time in children. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among breakfast frequency and objectively-measured PA and sedentary time in a sample of children from 12 countries representing a wide range of human development, economic development and inequality. The secondary aim was to examine interactions of these associations between study sites. Methods This multinational, cross-sectional study included 6228 children aged 9–11 years from the 12 International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment sites. Multilevel statistical models were used to examine associations between self-reported habitual breakfast frequency defined using three categories (breakfast consumed 0 to 2 days/week [rare], 3 to 5 days/week [occasional] or 6 to 7 days/week [frequent]) or two categories (breakfast consumed less than daily or daily) and accelerometry-derived PA and sedentary time during the morning (wake time to 1200 h) and afternoon (1200 h to bed time) with study site included as an interaction term. Model covariates included age, sex, highest parental education, body mass index z-score, and accelerometer waking wear time. Results Participants averaged 60 (s.d. 25) min/day in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), 315 (s.d. 53) min/day in light PA and 513 (s.d. 69) min/day sedentary. Controlling for covariates, breakfast frequency was not significantly associated with total daily or afternoon PA and sedentary time. For the morning, frequent breakfast consumption was associated with a higher proportion of time in MVPA (0.3%), higher proportion of time in light PA (1.0%) and lower min/day and proportion of time sedentary (3.4 min/day and 1.3%) than rare breakfast consumption (all p ≤ 0.05). No significant associations were found when comparing occasional with rare or frequent breakfast consumption, or daily with less than daily breakfast consumption. Very few significant interactions with study site were found. Conclusions In this multinational sample of children, frequent breakfast consumption was associated with higher MVPA and light PA time and lower sedentary time in the morning when compared with rare breakfast consumption, although the small magnitude of the associations may lack clinical relevance. Trial registration The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) is registered at (Identifier NCT01722500 ).
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.source BMC Public Health
dc.source.uri https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/
dc.subject.other Exercise
dc.subject.other Health
dc.subject.other Fasting
dc.subject.other International
dc.subject.other Nutrition
dc.subject.other Youth
dc.title Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries
dc.type Journal Article
dc.date.updated 2019-02-24T04:19:59Z
dc.rights.holder The Author(s).


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