The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa

 

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dc.contributor.author Wright, Caradee Y
dc.contributor.author Norval, Mary
dc.contributor.author Summers, Beverley
dc.contributor.author Davids, Lester
dc.contributor.author Coetzee, Gerrie
dc.contributor.author Oriowo, Matthew O
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-30T07:26:47Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-30T07:26:47Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Wright, C. Y., Norval, M., Summers, B., Davids, L., Coetzee, G., & Oriowo, M. O. (2012). The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Science, 108(11-12), 45-51.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29103
dc.description.abstract Photoprotection messages and ‘SunSmart’ programmes exist mainly to prevent skin cancers and, more recently, to encourage adequate personal sun exposure to elicit a vitamin D response for healthy bone and immune systems. Several developed countries maintain intensive research networks and monitor solar UV radiation to support awareness campaigns and intervention development. The situation is different in sub-Saharan Africa. Adequate empirical evidence of the impact of solar UV radiation on human health, even for melanomas and cataracts, is lacking, and is overshadowed by other factors such as communicable diseases, especially HIV, AIDS and tuberculosis. In addition, the established photoprotection messages used in developed countries have been adopted and implemented in a limited number of sub-Saharan countries but with minimal understanding of local conditions and behaviours. In this review, we consider the current evidence for sun-related effects on human health in sub-Saharan Africa, summarise published research and identify key issues. Data on the prevalence of human diseases affected by solar UV radiation in all subpopulations are not generally available, financial support is insufficient and the infrastructure to address these and other related topics is inadequate. Despite these limitations, considerable progress may be made regarding the management of solar UV radiation related health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa, provided researchers collaborate and resources are allocated appropriately.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.source South African Journal of Science
dc.source.uri https://www.sajs.co.za/
dc.title The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa
dc.type Journal Article
dc.date.updated 2018-11-28T09:27:22Z
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.publisher.department Department of Human Biology
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Wright, C. Y., Norval, M., Summers, B., Davids, L., Coetzee, G., & Oriowo, M. O. (2012). The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa. <i>South African Journal of Science</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29103 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Wright, Caradee Y, Mary Norval, Beverley Summers, Lester Davids, Gerrie Coetzee, and Matthew O Oriowo "The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa." <i>South African Journal of Science</i> (2012) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29103 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Wright CY, Norval M, Summers B, Davids L, Coetzee G, Oriowo MO. The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Science. 2012; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29103. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - AU - Wright, Caradee Y AU - Norval, Mary AU - Summers, Beverley AU - Davids, Lester AU - Coetzee, Gerrie AU - Oriowo, Matthew O AB - Photoprotection messages and ‘SunSmart’ programmes exist mainly to prevent skin cancers and, more recently, to encourage adequate personal sun exposure to elicit a vitamin D response for healthy bone and immune systems. Several developed countries maintain intensive research networks and monitor solar UV radiation to support awareness campaigns and intervention development. The situation is different in sub-Saharan Africa. Adequate empirical evidence of the impact of solar UV radiation on human health, even for melanomas and cataracts, is lacking, and is overshadowed by other factors such as communicable diseases, especially HIV, AIDS and tuberculosis. In addition, the established photoprotection messages used in developed countries have been adopted and implemented in a limited number of sub-Saharan countries but with minimal understanding of local conditions and behaviours. In this review, we consider the current evidence for sun-related effects on human health in sub-Saharan Africa, summarise published research and identify key issues. Data on the prevalence of human diseases affected by solar UV radiation in all subpopulations are not generally available, financial support is insufficient and the infrastructure to address these and other related topics is inadequate. Despite these limitations, considerable progress may be made regarding the management of solar UV radiation related health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa, provided researchers collaborate and resources are allocated appropriately. DA - 2012 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - South African Journal of Science LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2012 T1 - The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa TI - The impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on human health in sub-Saharan Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/29103 ER - en_ZA


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