The expression and metabolism of low density lipoprotein receptors in familial hypercholesterolaemia

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Van der Westhuyzen, Deneys R en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Fourie, Anne Madeleine en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-31T13:47:16Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-31T13:47:16Z
dc.date.issued 1989 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fourie, A. 1989. The expression and metabolism of low density lipoprotein receptors in familial hypercholesterolaemia. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27174
dc.description.abstract The expression of two phenotypically-contrasting LDL receptor mutations was characterized in cultured fibroblasts from the genetically-homozygous Afrikaner subjects, FH1a and lb, and FH3a and 3b, respectively. Surface receptor expression and functional activity were studied by ligand (¹²⁵I-LDL) and monoclonal antibody (¹²⁵I-IgG-C7) binding, and c35s]-methionine pulse-chase experiments were used to analyze biosynthesis, processing and degradation of IgG-C7- immunoprecipitable mutant receptors. Cells from the "receptor-negative" subjects, FH3a and 3b exhibited reduced, but significant (40-60% of normal) LDL receptor synthesis rates. Newly-synthesized precursors were processed slowly (t½ 1.5 hours versus normal t½ of approximately 15 minutes) to mature receptors which reached the cell-surface, but were rapidly degraded thereafter with a half-life of approximately 1.7 hours (normal value 12.6 hours) thus representing a new type of LDL receptor defect. Lysosomotropic weak bases such as ammonium chloride partially inhibited rapid degradation of the mutant receptors, suggesting the involvement of proteolysis in acidic compartments such as lysosomes or endosomes. Fibroblasts from FH1a and lb exhibited normal synthesis rates of LDL receptor precursors that were processed at a severely reduced rate (t½ approximately 5 hours) to functionally heterogeneous mature surface receptors. Onethird of the receptors (20% of normal levels) bound ¹²⁵I-LDL with normal affinity at 4°C and 37°C, whereas the majority were able to recognize only ¹²⁵I-IgG-C7, and apparently showed defective internalisation and subsequent degradation of the bound IgG-C7 at 37°C. The existence of the two receptor populations was further supported by selective intracellular trapping and degradation of only the active, LDL-binding population, in the presence of ammonium chloride and LOL. The abnormal form predominated even in newly-synthesized receptors and reached a maximum of 50-70% of normal levels after 48 hours of upregulation. Upregulation kinetics and degradation rates (t½ = 10-11 hours) of both functionally-active and abnormal receptor populations were similar to normal. A progressive increase in apparent molecular weight of the slowly-processed precursor receptors suggested a possible role for abnormal glycosylation in the formation of both "normal" and abnormal conformations of the same receptor molecule. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Cell receptors en_ZA
dc.subject.other Lipoproteins en_ZA
dc.subject.other Hypercholesteremia en_ZA
dc.subject.other Hypercholesterolemia, Familial en_ZA
dc.subject.other Receptors, en_ZA
dc.title The expression and metabolism of low density lipoprotein receptors in familial hypercholesterolaemia en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Division of Medical Biochemistry & Structural Biology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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