Metals and the conformation of fibrin

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Purvis, Langley R en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Naidoo, Dhesigen P en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-12T10:55:32Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-12T10:55:32Z
dc.date.issued 1992 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Naidoo, D. 1992. Metals and the conformation of fibrin. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/26555
dc.description.abstract The carboxy terminal of the γ-chain of human fibrinogen contains at least three biologically. important functional domains: (i) the fibrinogen γ-chain polymerisation centre, (ii) the platelet receptor domain and (iii) the site for staphyloccocal clumping. The nature of the site specificity of these interactions necessitates the existence of a preferred conformation for this region, the nature of which has yet to be clearly established. A novel zinc metalloproteinase isolated from puff adder venom (PAV protease) capable of specifically cleaving the di-γ-chain of transglutaminase (Factor XIIIa) catalysed crosslinked plasmin derived D-dimer into apparently symmetrical monomers has been described. The activity is fibrin specific and displays an unusual site specificity for the γ-carboxy terminal domains within the crosslink region. The activity was reported to be potentiated by zinc. The effect of zinc on the digestion of D-dimer by PAV protease was evaluated by SDS-PAGE and by a fluorimetric technique utilising a fluorescent dansylcadaverine conjugate of the substrate (f-D-dimer). A differential zinc binding study determined that the potentiation of activity by zinc was due to a zinc-substrate rather than a zinc-enzyme interaction. The binding constant for zinc to D-dimer was determined by Scatchard analysis of zinc titration data. The interaction of zinc and f-D-dimer was confirmed by fluorescence anisotropy determinations. The nature of the coordination capsule around the metal cation was determined by examining a cobalt-fibrin-D-dimer complex and characterising the difference visible absorption spectrum thereof. The donor ligands from the D-dimer fragment for the metal ion were determined as histidines by examining zinc(II) and cobalt(II) binding to diethylpyrocarbonate modified fibrin-D-dimer and hydroxylamine treated DEPC-fibrin-D-dimer. Through this study it has been established that the PAV protease cleavage of the di-γ-chain of the plasmin derived D-dimer fragment is potentiated by zinc(II) ions through the formation of a novel zinc determined conformation of fibrin-D-dimer. This presents the possibility of a fibrinspecific neo-epitope being manifested in the presence of zinc ions that could provide a means to determine fibrin degradation products more specifically. A model for the neo-epitope has been proposed. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Fibrin - chemistry en_ZA
dc.subject.other Metals - Analysis en_ZA
dc.subject.other Zinc - analysis en_ZA
dc.title Metals and the conformation of fibrin en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Division of Chemical Pathology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Med) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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