A comparison of the effects of xenobiotics on hepatic haem metabolism

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Ivanetich, Kathryn M en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Ziman, Melanie Ruth en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-11T10:19:12Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-11T10:19:12Z
dc.date.issued 1983 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Ziman, M. 1983. A comparison of the effects of xenobiotics on hepatic haem metabolism. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/26530
dc.description.abstract Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 has previously been postulated to be an important factor in determining the rates of hepatic haem biosynthesis and biodegradation. The basis for this proposal is that the haem moiety of cytochrome P-450 appears to be in equilibrium between binding to apocytochrome P-450 and existing in some form in the central hepatic pool of haem concerned with the regulation of the haem metabolic pathways. Consequently, any change in the levels of hepatic cytochrome P-450 would be anticipated to affect the pathways of hepatic haem biosynthesis and biodegradation. At the onset of this project, relatively few chemical agents were known to destroy cytochrome P-450 (either by degradation of the haem moiety of, or dissociation of the haem moiety from hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450) and to affect hepatic haem biosynthesis and/or haem biodegradation (e.g. AIA, Cs₂ and various metals). We thus attempted to further establish the relationship between the ability of compounds to affect hepatic cytochrome P-450 and to affect hepatic haem metabolism in vivo, using the three anaesthetic agents, fluroxene, halothane and trichloroethylene. During the preparation of this thesis, several other chemicals have been found which destroy cytochrome P-450 and affect hepatic haem metabolism (e.g. norethisterone, morphine). In addition to the above, it has been attempted to clarify the roles of the degradation of different forms of cytochrome P-450 and of the different mechanisms of destruction of cytochrome P-450 in the control of hepatic haem metabolism. The three anaesthetic agents, fluroxene, halothane and trichloroethylene were chosen for study since they destroy cytochrome P-450 by apparently different mechanisms. Both fluroxene and trichloroethylene specifically degrade the haem moiety of different forms of cytochrome P-450, but fluroxene converts the haem moiety of cytochrome P-450 to an N-substituted porphyrin, while TCE apparently degrades the haem into uncoloured products. In contrast, halothane appears to degrade the haem of cytochrome P-450 to uncoloured products as well as to facilitate the dissociation of haem from intact cytochrome P-450. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Medical Biochemistry en_ZA
dc.title A comparison of the effects of xenobiotics on hepatic haem metabolism en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Division of Medical Biochemistry & Structural Biology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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