Community-based natural resource management: The case of Community Forest Management Areas in Pete, Zanzibar

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dc.contributor.advisor Matose, Frank en_ZA Dabo, Dina en_ZA 2017-11-14T07:49:39Z 2017-11-14T07:49:39Z 2017 en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The shift from centralised conservation to Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) was the highlight of the conservation discourse across the world during the late 1980s and early 1990s. CBNRM efforts were believed to have the potential of successfully merging biodiversity conservation simultaneously with local development efforts. However, the increasing critiques against the applicability of CBNRM interventions in different contexts is threatening the viability of the approach. Extant literature on CBNRM interventions focuses on the theoretical aspects of such efforts at the expense of the practical and context specific elements. This thesis intends to fill such a gap in literature by focusing on the practical and contextual elements of an example of this approach in Zanzibar. In an attempt to conserve the isles' natural forests, Zanzibar has adopted Community-Forest Management Areas (CoFMAs) bordering its natural forests. In this study, focus is placed on Pete's CoFMA, a village bordering the isles' last remaining natural forests- Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park (JCBNP). Pete provides an ideal site due to the conflict that exists between residents and the CoFMA intervention. By using the political ecological framework, this study is able to examine the political, social, historical and economic elements that play a significant role in the practice of CBNRM efforts. Narratives from residents are relied on to elucidate on such elements in relation to the existence of the CoFMA in Pete Village. Narratives gathered through interviews and participant observation concluded that while CoFMAs have been set up with the optimistic goal of conserving the forest and providing development to community members; in practice, the conservation intervention has proved otherwise. In spite of the achievement of some developmental goals, the overall findings indicate that the CoFMA has failed to protect the forests and its natural resources from degradation. At the same time, community members are facing difficulties to live a sustainable life. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Environmental Humanities en_ZA
dc.subject.other Conservation Management en_ZA
dc.subject.other Natural Resource Management en_ZA
dc.title Community-based natural resource management: The case of Community Forest Management Areas in Pete, Zanzibar en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Environmental Humanities South en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname MEnvHum en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image

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