Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Oyedokun, David Temitope en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Knezevic, Aleksa en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-23T06:18:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-23T06:18:55Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Knezevic, A. 2017. Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/25325
dc.description.abstract On-line power system (PS) Thévenin equivalent impedance (TEI) estimation involves the reduction of the PS's complex circuit into a simple form that provides valuable insight into its state and behaviour. It finds application in numerous areas such as voltage stability monitoring and islanding detection. In the context of distributed generation (DG), on-line TEI estimation can be easily implemented in existing hardware to add functionality and improve the operation of power converters – the key components of DG systems. Two distinct methods of on-line PS TEI estimation exist. The passive method involves only measurement of voltage and current, whereas the active method involves injection of current into the PS and measurement of the response. This work is focused on the active method. Through a review of the available literature, limitations of past work are highlighted. It is shown that the nature of current injection varies greatly in different works and that evaluation of implementation performance is generally not thorough. Little consideration has been made of the effect of injection current level and frequency on the performance of on-line TEI estimation. Furthermore, the behaviour of the grid and its impact has not been thoroughly investigated. In this work, the active method is implemented in a three-phase PV-inverter and thoroughly tested in terms of its TEI estimation accuracy. Dependence of said accuracy on parameters such as the level of injected current and its frequency is shown to be high through tests performed on the live PS at two locations. These parameters are optimised such that TEI accuracy is maximised and the performance of the device is shown to be good compared to calibration equipment. The accuracy of PS TEI tracking is evaluated and quantified. Considerations are also made of the device's hardware limitations and their effect. A process by which a device's TEI estimation accuracy can be thoroughly evaluated is developed through this work. The behaviour of the PS's TEI is also investigated over long periods and characterised. It is found that the TEI remains steady around an average level in both test locations, with a low standard deviation. Consistency in results is found to be high between the two tests. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Electrical Engineering en_ZA
dc.title Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Eng) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Knezevic, A. (2017). <i>Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Electrical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/25325 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Knezevic, Aleksa. <i>"Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Electrical Engineering, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/25325 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Knezevic A. Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Electrical Engineering, 2017 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/25325 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Knezevic, Aleksa AB - On-line power system (PS) Thévenin equivalent impedance (TEI) estimation involves the reduction of the PS's complex circuit into a simple form that provides valuable insight into its state and behaviour. It finds application in numerous areas such as voltage stability monitoring and islanding detection. In the context of distributed generation (DG), on-line TEI estimation can be easily implemented in existing hardware to add functionality and improve the operation of power converters – the key components of DG systems. Two distinct methods of on-line PS TEI estimation exist. The passive method involves only measurement of voltage and current, whereas the active method involves injection of current into the PS and measurement of the response. This work is focused on the active method. Through a review of the available literature, limitations of past work are highlighted. It is shown that the nature of current injection varies greatly in different works and that evaluation of implementation performance is generally not thorough. Little consideration has been made of the effect of injection current level and frequency on the performance of on-line TEI estimation. Furthermore, the behaviour of the grid and its impact has not been thoroughly investigated. In this work, the active method is implemented in a three-phase PV-inverter and thoroughly tested in terms of its TEI estimation accuracy. Dependence of said accuracy on parameters such as the level of injected current and its frequency is shown to be high through tests performed on the live PS at two locations. These parameters are optimised such that TEI accuracy is maximised and the performance of the device is shown to be good compared to calibration equipment. The accuracy of PS TEI tracking is evaluated and quantified. Considerations are also made of the device's hardware limitations and their effect. A process by which a device's TEI estimation accuracy can be thoroughly evaluated is developed through this work. The behaviour of the PS's TEI is also investigated over long periods and characterised. It is found that the TEI remains steady around an average level in both test locations, with a low standard deviation. Consistency in results is found to be high between the two tests. DA - 2017 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2017 T1 - Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method TI - Real-time power system impedance estimation for DG applications: Using PV-inverter based harmonic injection method UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/25325 ER - en_ZA


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