The science and management of sex verification in sport

 

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dc.contributor.author Tucker, Ross
dc.contributor.author Collins, Malcolm
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-14T10:41:13Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-14T10:41:13Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/8.2009.v21i4.283
dc.identifier.citation Tucker, R., & Collins, M. (2009). The science and management of sex verification in sport. South African Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(4). en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1015-5163 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22528
dc.identifier.uri http://www.ajol.info/index.php/sasma/article/view/50506
dc.description.abstract The verification of gender eligibility in sporting competition poses a biological and management challenge for sports science and medicine, as well as for sporting authorities. It has been established that in most sporting events, the strength and power advantage possessed by males as a result of the virilising action of hormones such as testosterone produce significant advantages in performance. For this reason, males and females compete largely in separate gender categories. Controversies arise as a result of intersex conditions, where the classification of individuals into male or female is complex. The present review provides the historical context to the debate, identifying the origins of gender verification as a means to deter cheating. It describes how various testing methods have been attempted, including physical examinations of genitalia, molecular techniques including genetic screening, and complex multidisciplinary approaches including endocrinological, genetic and gynaecological examination. To date, none appear to have provided a satisfactory resolution to the problem, and appear instead to have unfairly discriminated against individuals as a result of inappropriate application of testing results. Sporting authorities have formulated position stands for the management of such cases, but there is not absolute agreement between them and little evidence to support whether intersex individuals should or should not be allowed to compete in female categories. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.source South African Journal of Sport Medicine en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.assaf.org.za/index.php/sajsm
dc.title The science and management of sex verification in sport en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-01-22T09:53:47Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department MRC/UCT RU for Exercise and Sport Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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