Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Horn, Peter en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Wozniak, Janina en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-07T17:45:12Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-07T17:45:12Z
dc.date.issued 1993 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Wozniak, J. 1993. Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22435
dc.description Bibliography: pages 261-275. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract This thesis analyses the literary representation of the Volga-German population group during the Third Reich, using eleven fictional historical accounts, contrasting them with respect to three aspects: their history and the real conditions of existence of this linguistic enclave, psychological and sociological issues of the identity of minorities and the intertextuality of the works and the period of their publication. The themes of the primary literature are categorised according to historical criteria, because the narrative shows a close proximity to historical reality, despite its ideological colouring. The representation of the settlement in Russia emphasises the difficulties facing the emigrants, and creates the basis for the Volga-German self-concept as a "highly productive, rural population group". The considerable disadvantages of their separatism, however, are interpreted as an advantage, a "guard for culture". A comparison with publications from the early twentieth century illustrates that the pan-germanic propaganda of all ethnic Germans as an international family (Volksgemeinschaft) has been combined with Volga-German separatism to form a ''volkisch"-nationalist discourse; without, however, demanding an "Anschluss" to Germany. Only after the bolshevist destruction of the Volga-German way of life, the characters project their hopes towards Germany. During World War One, they already experience a distinct sympathy for Germany, which is emphasised all the more in retrospective to avoid recognising the escape of individual characters to Germany, the "mother country", as sheer opportunism. Descriptions of the atrocities of the time of revolution and civil war serve to legitimate the escape, but also to set a memorial to the suffering of the Volga-Germans. Some authors attempt to find a meaning for the destruction of their home in Russia through no fault of the group, by postulating a collective fate of all Germans in the world. The reader in the Third Reich, however, would perceive this suffering of German people as anti-Soviet propaganda. The authors do not understand that the national-socialist interest in ethnic Germans was a political strategy, to which they unwittingly contributed since they were unable to place the "volkisch"-national theme in its correct position in the Reich. Early soviet-German representations of this population group emphasise the gradual rebuilding after the revolution, but attribute its success to the socialist system. Volga-German traditions are negated, while the unlimited optimism typical for Socialist Realism abounds. These accounts lack a critical analysis of the drastic changes, as shown, for instance, in the Cossack main character of the lauded novel, And Quiet flows the Don by Mikhail Sholokhov, making him a tragic hero, and hence they form the opposite of the conservative refugees' narratives. en_ZA
dc.language.iso deu en_ZA
dc.subject.other German Language and Literature en_ZA
dc.title Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department German Language and Literature en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Wozniak, J. (1993). <i>Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,German Language and Literature. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22435 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Wozniak, Janina. <i>"Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,German Language and Literature, 1993. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22435 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Wozniak J. Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,German Language and Literature, 1993 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22435 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Wozniak, Janina AB - This thesis analyses the literary representation of the Volga-German population group during the Third Reich, using eleven fictional historical accounts, contrasting them with respect to three aspects: their history and the real conditions of existence of this linguistic enclave, psychological and sociological issues of the identity of minorities and the intertextuality of the works and the period of their publication. The themes of the primary literature are categorised according to historical criteria, because the narrative shows a close proximity to historical reality, despite its ideological colouring. The representation of the settlement in Russia emphasises the difficulties facing the emigrants, and creates the basis for the Volga-German self-concept as a "highly productive, rural population group". The considerable disadvantages of their separatism, however, are interpreted as an advantage, a "guard for culture". A comparison with publications from the early twentieth century illustrates that the pan-germanic propaganda of all ethnic Germans as an international family (Volksgemeinschaft) has been combined with Volga-German separatism to form a ''volkisch"-nationalist discourse; without, however, demanding an "Anschluss" to Germany. Only after the bolshevist destruction of the Volga-German way of life, the characters project their hopes towards Germany. During World War One, they already experience a distinct sympathy for Germany, which is emphasised all the more in retrospective to avoid recognising the escape of individual characters to Germany, the "mother country", as sheer opportunism. Descriptions of the atrocities of the time of revolution and civil war serve to legitimate the escape, but also to set a memorial to the suffering of the Volga-Germans. Some authors attempt to find a meaning for the destruction of their home in Russia through no fault of the group, by postulating a collective fate of all Germans in the world. The reader in the Third Reich, however, would perceive this suffering of German people as anti-Soviet propaganda. The authors do not understand that the national-socialist interest in ethnic Germans was a political strategy, to which they unwittingly contributed since they were unable to place the "volkisch"-national theme in its correct position in the Reich. Early soviet-German representations of this population group emphasise the gradual rebuilding after the revolution, but attribute its success to the socialist system. Volga-German traditions are negated, while the unlimited optimism typical for Socialist Realism abounds. These accounts lack a critical analysis of the drastic changes, as shown, for instance, in the Cossack main character of the lauded novel, And Quiet flows the Don by Mikhail Sholokhov, making him a tragic hero, and hence they form the opposite of the conservative refugees' narratives. DA - 1993 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1993 T1 - Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit TI - Vom "Steppenmythos" zum "Revolutionsschicksal" : Wolgadeutsche Geschichte und Identität in Russlanddeutschen Erzählungen der Zwischenkriegszeit UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22435 ER - en_ZA


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