The Hurutshe in the Marico district of the Transvaal, 1848-1914

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Bundy, Colin en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Manson, Andrew en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-01T10:35:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-01T10:35:01Z
dc.date.issued 1990 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Manson, A. 1990. The Hurutshe in the Marico district of the Transvaal, 1848-1914. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22400
dc.description Bibliography: pages 284-297. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The Hurutshe are a Tswana-speaking chiefdom who lived in the vicinity of the Marico (Madikwe) river on the South African Highveld and emerged as an identifiable community with a distinct political structure about 350 years ago. They enjoyed periods of political and economic dominance in the mid-to late seventeenth century and again in the late eighteenth century. Following the economic and political disruptions attendant upon European commercial activities and the growth of more centralised and powerful African states in South Africa, they were propelled from their homeland in 1822-23. They returned only in 1848 to face the difficulties of Trekker overlordship. After a decade of political and economic pressures the general patterns of precolonial life were restored in their new reserve. A re-integrated Hurutshe social order provided the basis for agricultural innovation and expansion. The encroaching colonial order and the merchant and industrial economy inexorably drew them in to closer relations with these systems, and into direct involvement in the contest between Boer and Britain for control of the South African hinterland. Consequently the nature of reserve life changed as men, women and chiefs extended or took up new occupations and activities which cut across or restructured previous social, political and economic relationships. After the South African War new challenges and opportunities presented themselves as a consequence of the qualitatively different nature of British colonial rule and the increased economic scope afforded to rural African producers. Thus a combination of factors - a favourable environment, a cohesive society and the lack of competitive white agriculture - provided the basis for economic stability and even accumulation among certain categories of Hurutshe producers until well into the twentieth century. Hurutshe society was not untouched however, for subsequent events near the middle of the century were to reveal the depth of social distinctions and antagonisms that undoubtedly had their roots in the earlier years of their history. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Tswana (African people) - History en_ZA
dc.subject.other Blacks - South Africa - Transvaal - History - 19th century en_ZA
dc.subject.other Blacks - South Africa - Transvaal - History - 20th century en_ZA
dc.title The Hurutshe in the Marico district of the Transvaal, 1848-1914 en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Historical Studies en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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