The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Moss, John R en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Mapolie, Selwyn Frank en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-19T13:38:46Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-19T13:38:46Z
dc.date.issued 1988 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mapolie, S. 1988. The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22208
dc.description.abstract The new μ-(l,n)-alkanediyl compounds [(ƞ⁵-C₅R₄Me)Fe(CO)₂ ]₂{μ-(CH₂)n}, (R = H, n = 3 -10 and R =Me, n =3 - 6), [Mn(CO)₅]₂{μ-(CH₂)n} (M = Mn, n = 4-6 and M = Re, n= 3 and 4) have been prepared using essentially two synthetic routes. Thus the iron compounds were synthesized by the reaction of Na[(ƞ⁵-C₅R₄Me)Fe(CO)₂ ] with the appropriate dibromoalkane. The manganese and rhenium compounds on the other hand, were prepared by the decarbonylation of the corresponding diacyl compounds of the type, [M(CO)₅]₂{μ-CO(CH₂)nCO} (M = Mn or Re). These diacyl species in turn were synthesized by the reaction of Na[M(CO)s] with diacyl chlorides. All the new compounds have been fully characterized by microanalysis, infrared, ¹H and ¹³C nmr spectroscopy. The mass spectra of the compounds have been investigated and the fragmentation patterns are discussed and compared with other known polymethylene compounds. An extensive investigation into the reactivity of the new alkanediyl compounds has been carried out. Thus for example the reactivity of the compounds [CpFe(CO)₂]₂{μ-(CH₂)n} with nucleophiles such as tertiary phosphines and isocyanides, yield diacyl compounds of the type [CpFe(CO)L]₂{μ-CO(CH₂)nCO} (Cp = C₅H₄Me or C₅Me₅) and (L = tertiary phosphine or isocyanide). Similar ligand induced CO insertion reactions were observed for the manganese and rhenium alkanediyl compounds. The products from these reactions were characterized using the analytical techniques mentioned earlier. The reactions are discussed and compared with those of mononuclear alkyl compounds of manganese, rhenium and iron. The reactions of some polymethylene bridged compounds with synthesis gas have also been investigated. This reaction is of importance in view of the fact that polymethylene bridged compounds have been implicated in a number of catalytic processes e.g the Fischer- Tropsch reaction. The reaction with synthesis gas was found to yield bifunctional alcohols of the type HO(CH₂)nOH. In a separate study, the binuclear μ-phthaloyl compounds of manganese, rhenium,iron,molybdenum,cobalt and rhodium were prepared and characterized. The phthaloyl compounds of manganese, rhenium and iron were decarbonylated to form the corresponding μ-phenylene compounds. The reactions of some of these compounds with nucleophiles and electrophiles have been studied and the results compared with that of the corresponding mononuclear benzoyl and phenyl compounds. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Chemistry en_ZA
dc.subject.other Organometallic compounds en_ZA
dc.subject.other Organic compounds - Synthesis en_ZA
dc.subject.other Reactivity (Chemistry) en_ZA
dc.title The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemistry en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Mapolie, S. F. (1988). <i>The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22208 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Mapolie, Selwyn Frank. <i>"The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry, 1988. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22208 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Mapolie SF. The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry, 1988 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22208 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Mapolie, Selwyn Frank AB - The new μ-(l,n)-alkanediyl compounds [(ƞ⁵-C₅R₄Me)Fe(CO)₂ ]₂{μ-(CH₂)n}, (R = H, n = 3 -10 and R =Me, n =3 - 6), [Mn(CO)₅]₂{μ-(CH₂)n} (M = Mn, n = 4-6 and M = Re, n= 3 and 4) have been prepared using essentially two synthetic routes. Thus the iron compounds were synthesized by the reaction of Na[(ƞ⁵-C₅R₄Me)Fe(CO)₂ ] with the appropriate dibromoalkane. The manganese and rhenium compounds on the other hand, were prepared by the decarbonylation of the corresponding diacyl compounds of the type, [M(CO)₅]₂{μ-CO(CH₂)nCO} (M = Mn or Re). These diacyl species in turn were synthesized by the reaction of Na[M(CO)s] with diacyl chlorides. All the new compounds have been fully characterized by microanalysis, infrared, ¹H and ¹³C nmr spectroscopy. The mass spectra of the compounds have been investigated and the fragmentation patterns are discussed and compared with other known polymethylene compounds. An extensive investigation into the reactivity of the new alkanediyl compounds has been carried out. Thus for example the reactivity of the compounds [CpFe(CO)₂]₂{μ-(CH₂)n} with nucleophiles such as tertiary phosphines and isocyanides, yield diacyl compounds of the type [CpFe(CO)L]₂{μ-CO(CH₂)nCO} (Cp = C₅H₄Me or C₅Me₅) and (L = tertiary phosphine or isocyanide). Similar ligand induced CO insertion reactions were observed for the manganese and rhenium alkanediyl compounds. The products from these reactions were characterized using the analytical techniques mentioned earlier. The reactions are discussed and compared with those of mononuclear alkyl compounds of manganese, rhenium and iron. The reactions of some polymethylene bridged compounds with synthesis gas have also been investigated. This reaction is of importance in view of the fact that polymethylene bridged compounds have been implicated in a number of catalytic processes e.g the Fischer- Tropsch reaction. The reaction with synthesis gas was found to yield bifunctional alcohols of the type HO(CH₂)nOH. In a separate study, the binuclear μ-phthaloyl compounds of manganese, rhenium,iron,molybdenum,cobalt and rhodium were prepared and characterized. The phthaloyl compounds of manganese, rhenium and iron were decarbonylated to form the corresponding μ-phenylene compounds. The reactions of some of these compounds with nucleophiles and electrophiles have been studied and the results compared with that of the corresponding mononuclear benzoyl and phenyl compounds. DA - 1988 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1988 T1 - The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals TI - The synthesis and reactivity of binuclear μ-hydrocarbyl complexes of some transition metals UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22208 ER - en_ZA


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