The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Kojima, Masami en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor O'Connor, Cyril T en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Harms, Stefan Mathias en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-16T09:50:21Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-16T09:50:21Z
dc.date.issued 1987 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Harms, S. 1987. The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22157
dc.description Bibliography: pages 129-132. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract A synthesis techniQue was developed for the preparation of a nickel oxide sil ica alumina catalyst. The propene oligomerisation activity and the selectivity of the catalysts prepared by homogeneous decomposition deposition (HDD) were investigated and compared with nickel oxide silica alumina catalysts prepared by the techniQues of impregnation (IMP) and co-precipitation (SG). Amongst others. the effect of the nickel content. reacti6n temperature and pressure, and water content of the feed, on the activity and selectivity. were investigated. Also investigated were the lifetime of the various catalysts and, in the case of HDD type catalysts. the ability to oligomerise high molecular weight hydrocarbons (Cb). Nickel oxide silica alumina prepared by the HDD method is more active for the propene oligomerisation than catalysts prepared by the IMP and SG methods. The product spectrum in the case of IMP and HDD type catalysts are similar, with a propene dimer (Cb) being the main product. In the case of SG type catalysts. however. a shift to heavier products was observed, i.e., propene dimer (Cb) and trimer (Cq) were formed in eQual Quantities. It is proposed that the increase in activity of HDD type catalysts was due to a large extent of metal dispersion and distribution and a stronger interaction between the metal and the support. It is also proposed that the metal is readily accessible to the reactant molecules. The activity and selectivity of catalysts prepared by the HDD method were independent of the nickel content. This was not the case for IMP and SG type catalysts. both of which showed decreasing activity with increasing nickel content when the nickel content was increased beyond 5 wt%. The lifetimes of the various catalysts were also examined. From the results obtained. over the first 10 h. the lifetime of HOD type catalysts was superior to that of the other catalysts studied. The activity and selectivity of the various catalysts were sensitive to the reaction conditions. Thus moving into the vapour phase. by either increasing the temperature at a fixed pressure or decreasing the pressure at a fixed temperature. was in each case acCompanied by a shift to heavier products and a decrease in activity. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Propene en_ZA
dc.subject.other Catalysts en_ZA
dc.subject.other Nickel catalysts en_ZA
dc.subject.other Catalysis en_ZA
dc.subject.other Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.title The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Eng) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Harms, S. M. (1987). <i>The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22157 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Harms, Stefan Mathias. <i>"The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 1987. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22157 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Harms SM. The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 1987 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22157 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Harms, Stefan Mathias AB - A synthesis techniQue was developed for the preparation of a nickel oxide sil ica alumina catalyst. The propene oligomerisation activity and the selectivity of the catalysts prepared by homogeneous decomposition deposition (HDD) were investigated and compared with nickel oxide silica alumina catalysts prepared by the techniQues of impregnation (IMP) and co-precipitation (SG). Amongst others. the effect of the nickel content. reacti6n temperature and pressure, and water content of the feed, on the activity and selectivity. were investigated. Also investigated were the lifetime of the various catalysts and, in the case of HDD type catalysts. the ability to oligomerise high molecular weight hydrocarbons (Cb). Nickel oxide silica alumina prepared by the HDD method is more active for the propene oligomerisation than catalysts prepared by the IMP and SG methods. The product spectrum in the case of IMP and HDD type catalysts are similar, with a propene dimer (Cb) being the main product. In the case of SG type catalysts. however. a shift to heavier products was observed, i.e., propene dimer (Cb) and trimer (Cq) were formed in eQual Quantities. It is proposed that the increase in activity of HDD type catalysts was due to a large extent of metal dispersion and distribution and a stronger interaction between the metal and the support. It is also proposed that the metal is readily accessible to the reactant molecules. The activity and selectivity of catalysts prepared by the HDD method were independent of the nickel content. This was not the case for IMP and SG type catalysts. both of which showed decreasing activity with increasing nickel content when the nickel content was increased beyond 5 wt%. The lifetimes of the various catalysts were also examined. From the results obtained. over the first 10 h. the lifetime of HOD type catalysts was superior to that of the other catalysts studied. The activity and selectivity of the various catalysts were sensitive to the reaction conditions. Thus moving into the vapour phase. by either increasing the temperature at a fixed pressure or decreasing the pressure at a fixed temperature. was in each case acCompanied by a shift to heavier products and a decrease in activity. DA - 1987 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1987 T1 - The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina TI - The oligomerisation of propene over nickel oxide silica alumina UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/22157 ER - en_ZA


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