Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Ball, Anthony en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Gatzanis, Gustav Ernest en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-28T18:57:19Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-28T18:57:19Z
dc.date.issued 1991 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Gatzanis, G. 1991. Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21957
dc.description Bibliography: pages 101-109. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The locally (RSA) developed 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel designated 927 formed the subject of this study. Its abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion performances were assessed in laboratory tests simulating the underground environment in South African gold mines. The results indicate that the alloy performs favourably in abrasive-corrosive applications, outperforming several other higher chromium containing steels which have been designed for the purpose. The alloy is also highly resistant to sec at free corrosion potential in simulated mine water. The good abrasion-corrosion resistance is attributed to the adequate corrosion resistance of the alloy acting in conjunction with the favourable combination of strength and toughness afforded the alloy by its fine grain size and microduplex microstructure of martensite and interlath retained austenite. The production variables of plate thickness and prior cold working were found to exert negligible influence on corrosion-abrasion resistance. This is ascribed to the small influence of these processes on the hardness and associated mechanical properties due the inherent low work hardening ability of the alloy. Slow strain rate (SSR) stress corrosion cracking tests were performed on the alloy in four microstructural conditions viz. as-rolled, tempered, welded and post weld heat treated. The material showed an immunity to sec in all the microstructural conditions for tests conducted at open circuit potential. This apparent immunity is attributed to the difficulty in initiating sec by pitting on the plain specimens over the relatively short test durations. Polarisation to extreme cathodic potentials (-1200m V) resulted in hydrogen embrittlement of this high strength alloy with failure predominantly along prior austenite grain boundaries. Anodic potentials in the excess of OmV induced tunnel-like corrosion pitting attack. Fractographical evidence of sec at the base of these pits indicates the development of the conditions necessary for sec within the pit confines. This is cited as evidence in support of the hypothesis of sec initiation difficulty. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Materials Engineering en_ZA
dc.title Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Centre for Materials Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Eng) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Gatzanis, G. E. (1991). <i>Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Materials Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Gatzanis, Gustav Ernest. <i>"Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Materials Engineering, 1991. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Gatzanis GE. Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Centre for Materials Engineering, 1991 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21957 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Gatzanis, Gustav Ernest AB - The locally (RSA) developed 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel designated 927 formed the subject of this study. Its abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion performances were assessed in laboratory tests simulating the underground environment in South African gold mines. The results indicate that the alloy performs favourably in abrasive-corrosive applications, outperforming several other higher chromium containing steels which have been designed for the purpose. The alloy is also highly resistant to sec at free corrosion potential in simulated mine water. The good abrasion-corrosion resistance is attributed to the adequate corrosion resistance of the alloy acting in conjunction with the favourable combination of strength and toughness afforded the alloy by its fine grain size and microduplex microstructure of martensite and interlath retained austenite. The production variables of plate thickness and prior cold working were found to exert negligible influence on corrosion-abrasion resistance. This is ascribed to the small influence of these processes on the hardness and associated mechanical properties due the inherent low work hardening ability of the alloy. Slow strain rate (SSR) stress corrosion cracking tests were performed on the alloy in four microstructural conditions viz. as-rolled, tempered, welded and post weld heat treated. The material showed an immunity to sec in all the microstructural conditions for tests conducted at open circuit potential. This apparent immunity is attributed to the difficulty in initiating sec by pitting on the plain specimens over the relatively short test durations. Polarisation to extreme cathodic potentials (-1200m V) resulted in hydrogen embrittlement of this high strength alloy with failure predominantly along prior austenite grain boundaries. Anodic potentials in the excess of OmV induced tunnel-like corrosion pitting attack. Fractographical evidence of sec at the base of these pits indicates the development of the conditions necessary for sec within the pit confines. This is cited as evidence in support of the hypothesis of sec initiation difficulty. DA - 1991 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1991 T1 - Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water TI - Abrasion-corrosion and stress corrosion resistance of a 9Cr-2Ni-0.7Mo steel in simulated mine water UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21957 ER - en_ZA


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