Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town

 

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dc.contributor.author Dyer, Martin
dc.contributor.author Mills, Richard
dc.contributor.author Conradie, Beatrice
dc.contributor.author Piesse, Jenifer
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-30T07:12:53Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-30T07:12:53Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Dyer, M., Mills, R., Conradie, B. & Piesse, J. (2015). Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town. CSSR Working Paper No. 365. Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-77011-352-7 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21601
dc.description.abstract This paper investigates the efficiency relationships between inputs and outputs of urban micro-farms in two of Cape Town’s townships: Nyanga and Khayelitsha. The inputs in this study were land, labour, seeds and seedlings, compost and farmer experience. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was applied to 33 producers supplying a social enterprise box scheme, thereby generating individual efficiency measures relative to best practice. The DEA results revealed an average level of overall, technical and scale efficiency of 72.4%, 79.7% and 90.6% respectively. Overall efficiency was negatively correlated with land holdings and the use of compost and seedlings. This is supported by the finding that the nine best-practice farms were characterised by a smaller scale of production, indicating that efficiency losses are experienced as greater quantities of inputs are used. In terms of area differences, Nyanga farms exhibit significantly higher technical efficiency, whereas farms in Khayelitsha are more scale efficient. Standardised input and output data show both the expenditure on compost and seed to be profitable, but we failed to show that mulching or operator experience increases profitability. Fully efficient farms are R2,600 per plot more profitable than inefficient farms while farms that need a windbreak earn R700 less per plot per season than more sheltered operations. These results are the first of their kind for South Africa and lay the foundation for more effective extension to the sector. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en_ZA
dc.title Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town en_ZA
dc.type Working Paper en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Working paper en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Social Survey Unit en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Dyer, M., Mills, R., Conradie, B., & Piesse, J. (2015). <i>Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town</i> University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Social Survey Unit. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21601 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Dyer, Martin, Richard Mills, Beatrice Conradie, and Jenifer Piesse <i>Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town.</i> University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Social Survey Unit, 2015. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21601 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Dyer M, Mills R, Conradie B, Piesse J. Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town. 2015 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21601 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper AU - Dyer, Martin AU - Mills, Richard AU - Conradie, Beatrice AU - Piesse, Jenifer AB - This paper investigates the efficiency relationships between inputs and outputs of urban micro-farms in two of Cape Town’s townships: Nyanga and Khayelitsha. The inputs in this study were land, labour, seeds and seedlings, compost and farmer experience. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was applied to 33 producers supplying a social enterprise box scheme, thereby generating individual efficiency measures relative to best practice. The DEA results revealed an average level of overall, technical and scale efficiency of 72.4%, 79.7% and 90.6% respectively. Overall efficiency was negatively correlated with land holdings and the use of compost and seedlings. This is supported by the finding that the nine best-practice farms were characterised by a smaller scale of production, indicating that efficiency losses are experienced as greater quantities of inputs are used. In terms of area differences, Nyanga farms exhibit significantly higher technical efficiency, whereas farms in Khayelitsha are more scale efficient. Standardised input and output data show both the expenditure on compost and seed to be profitable, but we failed to show that mulching or operator experience increases profitability. Fully efficient farms are R2,600 per plot more profitable than inefficient farms while farms that need a windbreak earn R700 less per plot per season than more sheltered operations. These results are the first of their kind for South Africa and lay the foundation for more effective extension to the sector. DA - 2015-06 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 SM - 978-1-77011-352-7 T1 - Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town TI - Total factor productivity of urban agriculture on the urban periphery of Cape Town UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21601 ER - en_ZA


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