A critical evaluation of CO2 supplementation to algal systems by direct injection

 

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dc.contributor.author Langley, N M
dc.contributor.author Harrison, S T L
dc.contributor.author van Hille, R P
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-22T13:23:32Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-22T13:23:32Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2012.07.013
dc.identifier.citation Langley, N. M., Harrison, S. T. L., & Van Hille, R. P. (2012). A critical evaluation of CO 2 supplementation to algal systems by direct injection. Biochemical engineering journal, 68, 70-75. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1369-703X en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21444
dc.description.abstract Microalgae are currently cultivated on a relatively small scale for nutritional products, supplements and aquaculture feed. In recent years there has been renewed interest in algal bioenergy, which would require cultivation at far greater scales. A key component of large-scale production systems is the delivery of CO2 to the algal cells, which is often a limiting factor in ponds and air sparged systems. Although many methods of CO2 supplementation to algal reactors have been investigated, the most commonly suggested method is still the direct injection of CO2 enriched gas into the growth medium. A sound understanding of CO2 gas–liquid mass transfer is critical to efficient operation of cultivation systems as mixing and gas compression may represent significant operational expenses. For carbon capture or sequestration through algal culture, CO2 recovery is equally important, particularly where carbon trading is involved. Chlorella vulgaris was grown in internal loop airlift reactors under varied CO2 partial pressures in the inlet gas. In these reactors, with an overall mass transfer coefficient of 0.0094 s−1, an inlet CO2 partial pressure of 0.0012 atm (1200 ppm CO2 by volume) was sufficient to overcome any mass transfer limitations. Under these operating conditions, a CO2 recovery of 26% resulted. Increasing the partial pressure of CO2 in the inlet gas above 0.0012 atm did not increase the algal productivity and caused significant decreases in CO2 recovery to 9.7% and 2.1% at inlet CO2 partial pressures of 0.00325 atm and 0.0145 atm respectively. Much research into algal growth is done without analysis of CO2 gas–liquid mass transfer, using influent CO2 partial pressures well in excess of the minimum value required to overcome CO2 gas–liquid mass transfer limitations, even in poorly mixed systems. This could result in algal growth being optimised under conditions that are not industrially practical or desirable. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) *
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en_ZA
dc.source Biochemical Engineering Journal en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.journals.elsevier.com/biochemical-engineering-journal/
dc.subject.other Microalgae
dc.subject.other Photobioreactors
dc.subject.other Gas–liquid mass transfer
dc.subject.other Carbon sequestration
dc.title A critical evaluation of CO2 supplementation to algal systems by direct injection en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-08-19T13:47:33Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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