Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata?

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Gäde, Gerd en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Janssens, Markus Peter-Erik en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-22T12:25:38Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-22T12:25:38Z
dc.date.issued 1995 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Janssens, M. 1995. Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata?. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21424
dc.description.abstract Members of the AKHIRPCH family of peptides were identified in corpora cardiaca of the dragonfly Anax imperator (Anisoptera: Aeshnidae), Orthetrumjuliajalsum (Anisoptera: Libellulidae) and the damselflies Pseudagrion inconspicuum and Ischnura senegalensis (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). After isolation ofthe peptides by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography, the primary structures were established by Edman sequencing and mass spectrometry (Ani-AKH: pGlu-Val-Asn-Phe-Ser-Pro-Ser-TrpNH 2 ), (Lia-AKH: pGlu-Val-Asn-Phe¬ Thr-Pro-Ser- TrpNH 2 ) and (Psi-AKH: pGlu- Val-Asn-Phe- Thr-Pro-Gly- TrpNH 2 ). One corpus cardiac of A. imperator contains about 40 pmol Ani-AKH, O. julia 19-24 pmol Lia¬ AKH and P. inconspicuum about 2.4 pmol Psi-AKH. Injection of Ani-AKH (3.4 pmol) increased the concentration of haemolymph lipids in A. imperator. Lia-AKH (l pmol) similarly had an adipokinetic effect in 0. julia. Psi-AKH (I pmol) had an adipokinetic effect, as well as a small hyperglycaemic effect in P. inconspicuum. The AKH peptides of other Odonata were investigated. In the suborder Anisoptera, Ani-AKH was identified in representatives of the Aeshnidae, Cordulegasteridae, and possibly the Corduliidae. Lia¬ AKH was identified in representatives of the Libellulidae and Gomphidae. In the suborder Zygoptera, Psi-AKH was identified in representatives of the families Chlorolestidae, Lestidae and Chlorocyphidae, and possibly the Calopterygidae and Protoneuridae. Classification of Odonata according to their flight behaviour as "perchers" or "fliers" is supported by parameters of energy metabolism. Lipid metabolism seems to have a greater importance in fliers than perchers. The lipid concentration in the haemolymph is highest in the flier A. imperator, intermediate in the percher 0. julia and lowest in the percher P. inconspicuum. There are indications that mitochondria isolated from flight muscles of A. imperator may have a higher capacity for lipid oxidation than 0. julia. The contribution of carbohydrates to flight metabolism seems to be more important in perchers than in fliers. The concentration of carbohydrates in the haemolymph is highest in P. inconspicuum, intermediate in O. julia and lowest inA. imperator. The maximal activity of phosphofructokinase (a rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis) is higher in the percher, O. julia, than in the flier, A. imperator. The lipid concentration in the haemolymph is higher than that of the carbohydrates in O. julia, A. imperator and P. inconspicuum. Palmitoyl-carnitine is oxidised at high rates by isolated mitochondria from flight muscles of O. julia andA. imperator, similar to Locusta migratoria. Lipid is the major fuel utilised during flight in O. julia. Carbohydrates (in the haemolymph) and proline (in the haemolymph and flight muscles) are utilised as minor fuels. It is concluded that the processes of lipid metabolism provide the major source of energy during flight in Odonata. The AKH peptides seem to play a role in regulating lipid mobilisation during flight in Odonata. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Zoology en_ZA
dc.title Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata? en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Janssens, M. P. (1995). <i>Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata?</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21424 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Janssens, Markus Peter-Erik. <i>"Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata?."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1995. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21424 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Janssens MP. Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata?. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1995 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21424 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Janssens, Markus Peter-Erik AB - Members of the AKHIRPCH family of peptides were identified in corpora cardiaca of the dragonfly Anax imperator (Anisoptera: Aeshnidae), Orthetrumjuliajalsum (Anisoptera: Libellulidae) and the damselflies Pseudagrion inconspicuum and Ischnura senegalensis (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). After isolation ofthe peptides by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography, the primary structures were established by Edman sequencing and mass spectrometry (Ani-AKH: pGlu-Val-Asn-Phe-Ser-Pro-Ser-TrpNH 2 ), (Lia-AKH: pGlu-Val-Asn-Phe¬ Thr-Pro-Ser- TrpNH 2 ) and (Psi-AKH: pGlu- Val-Asn-Phe- Thr-Pro-Gly- TrpNH 2 ). One corpus cardiac of A. imperator contains about 40 pmol Ani-AKH, O. julia 19-24 pmol Lia¬ AKH and P. inconspicuum about 2.4 pmol Psi-AKH. Injection of Ani-AKH (3.4 pmol) increased the concentration of haemolymph lipids in A. imperator. Lia-AKH (l pmol) similarly had an adipokinetic effect in 0. julia. Psi-AKH (I pmol) had an adipokinetic effect, as well as a small hyperglycaemic effect in P. inconspicuum. The AKH peptides of other Odonata were investigated. In the suborder Anisoptera, Ani-AKH was identified in representatives of the Aeshnidae, Cordulegasteridae, and possibly the Corduliidae. Lia¬ AKH was identified in representatives of the Libellulidae and Gomphidae. In the suborder Zygoptera, Psi-AKH was identified in representatives of the families Chlorolestidae, Lestidae and Chlorocyphidae, and possibly the Calopterygidae and Protoneuridae. Classification of Odonata according to their flight behaviour as "perchers" or "fliers" is supported by parameters of energy metabolism. Lipid metabolism seems to have a greater importance in fliers than perchers. The lipid concentration in the haemolymph is highest in the flier A. imperator, intermediate in the percher 0. julia and lowest in the percher P. inconspicuum. There are indications that mitochondria isolated from flight muscles of A. imperator may have a higher capacity for lipid oxidation than 0. julia. The contribution of carbohydrates to flight metabolism seems to be more important in perchers than in fliers. The concentration of carbohydrates in the haemolymph is highest in P. inconspicuum, intermediate in O. julia and lowest inA. imperator. The maximal activity of phosphofructokinase (a rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis) is higher in the percher, O. julia, than in the flier, A. imperator. The lipid concentration in the haemolymph is higher than that of the carbohydrates in O. julia, A. imperator and P. inconspicuum. Palmitoyl-carnitine is oxidised at high rates by isolated mitochondria from flight muscles of O. julia andA. imperator, similar to Locusta migratoria. Lipid is the major fuel utilised during flight in O. julia. Carbohydrates (in the haemolymph) and proline (in the haemolymph and flight muscles) are utilised as minor fuels. It is concluded that the processes of lipid metabolism provide the major source of energy during flight in Odonata. The AKH peptides seem to play a role in regulating lipid mobilisation during flight in Odonata. DA - 1995 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1995 T1 - Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata? TI - Hormonal control of flight metabolism in Odonata? UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21424 ER - en_ZA


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