Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment

 

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dc.contributor.author Africa, Cindy-Jade
dc.contributor.author van Hille, Robert P
dc.contributor.author Sand, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.author Harrison, Susan T L
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-18T10:24:06Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-18T10:24:06Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2012.09.011
dc.identifier.citation Africa, C. J., van Hille, R. P., Sand, W., & Harrison, S. T. (2013). Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment. Minerals Engineering, 48, 100-107. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0892-6875 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21310
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0892687512003196
dc.description.abstract This study sought to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of microbial-metal sulphide interfacial processes relevant to heap bioleaching. Attachment and subsequent biofilm formation by Metallosphaera hakonensis (M. hakonensis) on the surface of massive chalcopyrite and pyrite samples, as well as a low-grade chalcopyritic whole ore were investigated. The method made use of a biofilm reactor in which thin sections of mineral ore were mounted. Operating conditions in the reactor simulated those of a bioheap in terms of fluid-flow and mineralogy, where the low-grade chalcopyrite ore sections were used. Pure cultures of M. hakonensis were used to inoculate the reactors and the attachment and subsequent biofilm development visualised in situ after 2, 4 and 8 days using a combination of atomic force and epifluorescent microscopy (AFM–EFM) as well as confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM). This revealed insights into biofilm structure and architecture. The effect of varying temperature on the extent of attachment and biofilm development was also assessed after 4 days using three temperature regimes: room temperature (20 ± 1 °C), 45 °C and 65 °C. The density of the attached micro–colonies increased with an increase in time, indicative of an actively growing biofilm. The extent of surface coverage and proliferation of the biofilm was dependent on the temperature, with surface coverage being more extensive at 65 °C, near the optimal temperature for growth. Preferential attachment and biofilm formation to sulphide minerals was observed, with increased surface coverage of pyrite mineral surfaces relative to chalcopyrite and low-grade ore. The AFM–EFM technique enhanced the level of detail at which site specific associations of microorganisms with mineral surfaces could be assessed. Spatial orientation and density of attached micro-colonies were noted. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.source  Minerals Engineering en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08926875
dc.subject.other Attachment
dc.subject.other Biofilm
dc.subject.other Bioleaching
dc.subject.other EPS
dc.subject.other Thermopiles
dc.subject.other Chalcopyrite
dc.title Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-08-18T10:21:35Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
uct.type.filetype
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Africa, C., van Hille, R. P., Sand, W., & Harrison, S. T. L. (2013). Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment. <i> Minerals Engineering</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21310 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Africa, Cindy-Jade, Robert P van Hille, Wolfgang Sand, and Susan T L Harrison "Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment." <i> Minerals Engineering</i> (2013) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21310 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Africa C, van Hille RP, Sand W, Harrison STL. Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment.  Minerals Engineering. 2013; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21310. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Africa, Cindy-Jade AU - van Hille, Robert P AU - Sand, Wolfgang AU - Harrison, Susan T L AB - This study sought to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of microbial-metal sulphide interfacial processes relevant to heap bioleaching. Attachment and subsequent biofilm formation by Metallosphaera hakonensis (M. hakonensis) on the surface of massive chalcopyrite and pyrite samples, as well as a low-grade chalcopyritic whole ore were investigated. The method made use of a biofilm reactor in which thin sections of mineral ore were mounted. Operating conditions in the reactor simulated those of a bioheap in terms of fluid-flow and mineralogy, where the low-grade chalcopyrite ore sections were used. Pure cultures of M. hakonensis were used to inoculate the reactors and the attachment and subsequent biofilm development visualised in situ after 2, 4 and 8 days using a combination of atomic force and epifluorescent microscopy (AFM–EFM) as well as confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM). This revealed insights into biofilm structure and architecture. The effect of varying temperature on the extent of attachment and biofilm development was also assessed after 4 days using three temperature regimes: room temperature (20 ± 1 °C), 45 °C and 65 °C. The density of the attached micro–colonies increased with an increase in time, indicative of an actively growing biofilm. The extent of surface coverage and proliferation of the biofilm was dependent on the temperature, with surface coverage being more extensive at 65 °C, near the optimal temperature for growth. Preferential attachment and biofilm formation to sulphide minerals was observed, with increased surface coverage of pyrite mineral surfaces relative to chalcopyrite and low-grade ore. The AFM–EFM technique enhanced the level of detail at which site specific associations of microorganisms with mineral surfaces could be assessed. Spatial orientation and density of attached micro-colonies were noted. DA - 2013 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 -  Minerals Engineering LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2013 SM - 0892-6875 T1 - Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment TI - Investigation and in situ visualisation of interfacial interactions of thermophilic microorganisms with metal-sulphides in a simulated heap environment UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21310 ER - en_ZA


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