Stable isotope hydrology of the Table Mountain group

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Harris, Chris en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Diamond, Roger Edward en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-11T10:19:36Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-11T10:19:36Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Diamond, R. 2014. Stable isotope hydrology of the Table Mountain group. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/21190
dc.description.abstract Rain was collected from 2010 to 2012 at 15 locations around the Cape Fold Belt, at the same time as samples from rivers, springs, seeps and boreholes, totalling 435 samples. Precipitation ranged from -75 ‰ to +40 ‰ for δD and -12 ‰ to +8 ‰ for δ¹⁸O , showing seasonal patterns, with lower δ values in winter and higher in summer. Certain anomalous δ values can be attributed to individual weather events, such as thunderstorms. Using weighted data, the meteoric water line is δD = 6.15 δ¹⁸O + 8.21, which is similar to previous equations. The best fit line for groundwater δ values is δD = 7.09 δ¹⁸O + 10.08, the steeper gradient and higher intercept reflecting the predominance of heavy rainfall events with lower δ values in recharge, known as selection. The range of -47 ‰ to 0 ‰ for δD and -8 ‰ to -1 ‰ for δ¹⁸O values for all groundwater data is about half that of the rain values, due to the averaging effect from mixing during groundwater flow. Rainfall isotope composition is negatively correlated with continentality, as defined by the product of distance to the Atlantic and the closest coast. Isotope composition of rainfall is also strongly negatively correlated with altitude. Sites that are elevated within the landscape have a reduced altitude effect, such as tall peaks, whereas mountain valleys display enhanced altitude effects. Temporal and spatial variations in the strength of the amount effect reveal meteorological variability and emphasise the need for long term monitoring. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Geology en_ZA
dc.title Stable isotope hydrology of the Table Mountain group en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Geological Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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