Poverty, Sex and HIV

 

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dc.contributor.author Nattrass, Nicoli
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-25T20:27:08Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-25T20:27:08Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9563-9
dc.identifier.citation Nattrass, N. (2009). Poverty, sex and HIV. AIDS and Behavior, 13(5), 833-840. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1090-7165 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19871
dc.description.abstract There is an ongoing debate about the relative importance of economic factors (notably poverty) and sexual behavior in driving the AIDS epidemic. This paper draws on relevant research and cross-country regression analysis to argue that the impact of economic determinants is dwarfed by contextual factors within Africa. The regression analysis suggests that controlling for per capita income, calories per capita and the ratio of female to male participation rates (none of which were statistically significant): being a Southern African country increases expected HIV prevalence 8.3 times; being in the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa 3 times; being a predominantly Protestant country 2.5 times; and being a predominantly Muslim country reduces expected HIV prevalence to 62% of the base case. Including the share of income going to the poor did not improve the model and was itself statistically insignificant. The analysis suggests that poverty may play a role in the HIV epidemic in some countries (and may well be a factor affecting the vulnerability of some people to HIV infection in all countries) but that its overall impact is dwarfed by social and behavioral factors. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) en_ZA
dc.source AIDS and Behavior en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://link.springer.com/journal/10461
dc.subject.other HIV
dc.subject.other Poverty
dc.subject.other Sexual behavio
dc.subject.other Africa
dc.subject.other Cross-country
dc.subject.other regression
dc.title Poverty, Sex and HIV en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-05-25T12:32:03Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Aids and Society Research Unit en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Nattrass, N. (2009). Poverty, Sex and HIV. <i>AIDS and Behavior</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19871 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Nattrass, Nicoli "Poverty, Sex and HIV." <i>AIDS and Behavior</i> (2009) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19871 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Nattrass N. Poverty, Sex and HIV. AIDS and Behavior. 2009; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19871. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Nattrass, Nicoli AB - There is an ongoing debate about the relative importance of economic factors (notably poverty) and sexual behavior in driving the AIDS epidemic. This paper draws on relevant research and cross-country regression analysis to argue that the impact of economic determinants is dwarfed by contextual factors within Africa. The regression analysis suggests that controlling for per capita income, calories per capita and the ratio of female to male participation rates (none of which were statistically significant): being a Southern African country increases expected HIV prevalence 8.3 times; being in the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa 3 times; being a predominantly Protestant country 2.5 times; and being a predominantly Muslim country reduces expected HIV prevalence to 62% of the base case. Including the share of income going to the poor did not improve the model and was itself statistically insignificant. The analysis suggests that poverty may play a role in the HIV epidemic in some countries (and may well be a factor affecting the vulnerability of some people to HIV infection in all countries) but that its overall impact is dwarfed by social and behavioral factors. DA - 2009 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - AIDS and Behavior LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2009 SM - 1090-7165 T1 - Poverty, Sex and HIV TI - Poverty, Sex and HIV UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19871 ER - en_ZA


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