A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Lass, Roger en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Mesthrie, Rajend en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-09T08:57:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-09T08:57:00Z
dc.date.issued 1985 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mesthrie, R. 1985. A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19511
dc.description Bibliography: pages 308-318. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Although Indian languages have existed in South Africa for the last 125 years, there are no academic studies of any of them - of their use in South Africa, their evolution and current decline. Many misconceptions persist concerning their names, their structure, and status as 'proper' languages. This thesis deals with the history of one such language, Bhojpuri (more usually, but incorrectly, referred to as "Hindi"). I attempt to trace the origins of the South African variety of this language by examining the places of origin of the original indentured migrants who brought it to South Africa. A complex sociolinguistic picture emerges, since these immigrants came from a very wide area in North India spanning several languages. I also attempt to describe the early history of Bhojpuri in South Africa as a 'plantation' language. Subsequent changing patterns of usage are then detailed, including phonetic, syntactic, lexical and semantic change. The influence of other South African languages - chiefly English, but also Zulu, Fanagalo, and other Indian languages - is described in detail, as well as changes not directly attributable to language contact. A final section focusses on the decline of the language and the process of language death. From another (more international) perspective this study lays the foundation for comparisons between Bhojpuri in South Africa and other 'overseas' varieties of it, spawned under very similar conditions, in ex-colonies like Surinam, Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and others. Such a comparative study could well make as great a contribution to general and socio-linguistics as the study of creoles has in the recent past. Information concerning this unwritten language was gathered by field-work throughout Natal. This involved informal interviews with over two hundred fluent speakers, including four who had been born in India during the time of immigrations. The study also draws upon the author's observations on language practices as an 'inside' member of the community under study. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Linguistics en_ZA
dc.subject.other Indic languages en_ZA
dc.title A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Linguistics en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Mesthrie, R. (1985). <i>A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Linguistics. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19511 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Mesthrie, Rajend. <i>"A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Linguistics, 1985. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19511 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Mesthrie R. A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Linguistics, 1985 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19511 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Mesthrie, Rajend AB - Although Indian languages have existed in South Africa for the last 125 years, there are no academic studies of any of them - of their use in South Africa, their evolution and current decline. Many misconceptions persist concerning their names, their structure, and status as 'proper' languages. This thesis deals with the history of one such language, Bhojpuri (more usually, but incorrectly, referred to as "Hindi"). I attempt to trace the origins of the South African variety of this language by examining the places of origin of the original indentured migrants who brought it to South Africa. A complex sociolinguistic picture emerges, since these immigrants came from a very wide area in North India spanning several languages. I also attempt to describe the early history of Bhojpuri in South Africa as a 'plantation' language. Subsequent changing patterns of usage are then detailed, including phonetic, syntactic, lexical and semantic change. The influence of other South African languages - chiefly English, but also Zulu, Fanagalo, and other Indian languages - is described in detail, as well as changes not directly attributable to language contact. A final section focusses on the decline of the language and the process of language death. From another (more international) perspective this study lays the foundation for comparisons between Bhojpuri in South Africa and other 'overseas' varieties of it, spawned under very similar conditions, in ex-colonies like Surinam, Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and others. Such a comparative study could well make as great a contribution to general and socio-linguistics as the study of creoles has in the recent past. Information concerning this unwritten language was gathered by field-work throughout Natal. This involved informal interviews with over two hundred fluent speakers, including four who had been born in India during the time of immigrations. The study also draws upon the author's observations on language practices as an 'inside' member of the community under study. DA - 1985 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1985 T1 - A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa TI - A history of the Bhojpuri (or "Hindi") language in South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19511 ER - en_ZA


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